Today, in the US, it numbers no more than 10,000 members and functions mostly â its penchant for sensational violence aside â like an average American street gang, fighting to control neighborhood turf and local drug sales. If anything, US assistance to Salvadoran regimes to help tackle root problems that had been exacerbated by the war and its aftermath were in order. In addition to revealing where the bodies are buried, the informant must name names and testify against his former associates. âWe havenât even found a quarter of the fucked-up things these assholes have done,â says a member of the police crew keeping watch over Ticas and his team. The mudslide hit the village of Los Angelitos in the municipality of Nejapa, about 17 kilometres (11 miles) north of the capital, San Salvador, after overnight rains loosened the earth on the flanks of the San Salvador Volcano. El Salvador's Govt. Ticas asks him if the victim died in her house or whether they finished her off at the burial ground. It was always determined by the legacy of El Salvadorâs civil war and the underlying inequality that had precipitated it, but was never resolved by its outcome. A man clears the mud at the site of the landslide sparked by heavy rains in Los Angelitos village on October 30 [Jose Cabezas/Reuters]Defense Minister Rene Francis Merino Monroy tweeted photographs from the site showing soldiers with a sniffer dog working alongside fire crews and civilians to try to unearth survivors in the early hours of the morning. His manner is earnest and agreeable. Interior Minister Mario Duran called the situation âdifficultâ and said about 35 people were buried in the mudslide. Essential services such as medical assistance, grocery stores, pharmacies, public transportation, and gas … His first offence was unauthorised drinking â members have to ask for permission before consuming alcohol, since intoxication renders them unreliable. âItâs weird,â says the informant. They decided to kill her as well. But Ticas tells me the informant would just as soon murder us all. El Salvador's Civil Protection Directorate said it evacuated families in Tecoluca, in the department of San Vicente (84 kilometers east of the capital San Salvador), but did not say how many. But for now, today was a good day. âWith clothes on.â It hasnât been stripped or dismembered. El Salvador recently celebrated a historic feat: For two days in a row last month, the country recorded not a single homicide. His belt is adorned with a skull-and-crossbones pattern. âShe was in agony,â the informant says, but not dead. But we arenât here for the body by the roadside. So the topography has changed since the site was in use, several years ago, and his informant has struggled to remember where all the bodies are buried. Published November 29, 2020 1:56 pm Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Linkedin El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala stage mass raids on Barrio 18 and MS-13 gangs El Salvador has among the world’s highest homicide rates. The stateâs institutions had been gutted by conflict, poverty and corruption. But neither would be remedied alone by police killing of mareros or the mass imprisonment of gang members. 30 Oct 2020 But evidence suggests that the gangsâ power has only grown as a result. In 2015, homicides in El Salvador rivalled the most violent peak of the civil war, and it ranks consistently among the worldâs most violent nations. Ticas and his team shovel out the topsoil until they reach hard-packed earth, then sweep away the dust with brooms. The human toll of all these changes will be devastating. The night of the murder was his initiation, when he received a call and was summoned to the site. And again. âAt about 11 oâclock at night there was thunder and suddenly, we felt like there was a quake, it was when (the landslide) was coming,â said Ricarda Sibrian, 43, who told the Reuters news agency she had lost her daughter, granddaughter and son-in-law. At least seven people have been killed in a landslide sparked by heavy rains in El Salvador, the government said on Friday, and more than 30 others are suspected missing under a deluge of mud. Jose Luis Menjivar Leon, 46, had been at the wheel of a white Nissan pickup at 6:01 a.m. Thursday on State Road 44 at Powell Road when he was pulled over by a Sumter County sheriff’s deputy. El Salvador is a relatively small but growing player in the drug trafficking business. It most likely belonged to a woman. Then she would be brought to the informant. Instead, we stop outside a two-storey concrete building where men in blue-and-white camouflage uniforms armed with assault rifles are milling about. US News is a recognized leader in college, grad ... El Salvador's President Nayib Bukele speaks at a promotion ceremony from policemen to corporals in San Salvador, El Salvador September 30, 2020. Ticasâs informant is a lanky young man who wears a balaclava to hide his face. El Salvador is officially planning to reopen its borders for international flights on September 19, 2020. Grief-stricken, the woman confronted them, screaming at them in the street, threatening to tell the police. In 2017, the UN called for a probe into unprecedented violence against trans women in El Salvador. âWe have a working relationship,â Ticas says. On this hot March morning in 2018, his finger is wrapped thick with gauze â a few days earlier, he pricked it on a thorn covered in fluids from decomposing bodies. Most extraordinarily of all, the Trump administration signed agreements last year with El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras that require US-bound migrants who pass through these countries to apply for asylum there first (and allowing the US to send back anyone who failed to do so). Women take pictures of an area destroyed by a deadly landslide in Nejapa, El Salvador, Friday, Oct. 30, 2020. El Salvador had small, disorganised neighbourhood gangs before. A civilian was instructed to get the woman drunk in her home, just up the road from the burial site. So he went to the police and said he could give them information on 20 murders. On August 24, El Salvador reopened its economy. El Salvador taps new DC lobbyist in … First, he noticed that the gangs had begun dismembering corpses so they would fit into smaller holes, making them tougher to spot. âItâs fresh,â he observes. To name just a few: the US has removed domestic violence or persecution by gangs â conjoined crises in the region â as grounds for asylum in the US. Tropic Air announced that it will add a new international service to San Salvador, El ... Tuesday, November 24, 2020. And again. Our security detail piles into a Toyota Hilux, and we follow them zig-zagging out of town and into the surrounding sugar cane fields, the convoy kicking up a bright cloud of swirling dust. In time, the gang expanded to include other nationalities, and it spread to other American cities. âItâs days like this that I know that God does miracles,â he says. His job, the informant was told, would be to cut off her head â âto prove you have ballsâ. A self-taught forensic criminologist, he locates and digs up the bodies of victims of gang killings, and in so doing, he documents the crimes of the countryâs notorious maras, or gangs. âBut heâs a psychopath.â. Available for everyone, funded by readers. Before long, Ticas spots a body by the roadside. September 18 update: Officials in El Salvador will reopen the country’s airports to all international travelers from Sept. 19. Coronavirus in El Salvador. More than half the population of 6.5 million were born after the civil war. But itâs not hard to imagine his work putting him in their crosshairs. Ticas works the site laterally, instructing his men to dig a trench beside the cavity. He uses a turkey baster to clean the scalp, then fishes out broken shards from its face. As the river rises and falls in the jungle terrain, Ticas explains, the land swells and crumbles. NEJAPA, El Salvador -- A landslide left nine people dead, seven injured and one missing after torrential rains in El Salvador, civil defense officials said Friday. If history is a guide, the gangs will only emerge stronger as a result. The maras will not simply be killed off or arrested away. El Salvador has seen a dramatic rise in the number of cases of the novel coronavirus in recent weeks. Gradually, an oval silhouette appears, the result of soil that has been dug up, oxygenated and repacked. Still, Ticas has managed to find 11 of the 21 bodies his informant says are buried here. The deportees came back from the streets of LA with tattoos and baggy clothes and brought along with them gang culture, urban warfare tactics and criminal networks from prison. Among them were members of MS-13 and their LA rivals, the Eighteenth Street gang, or Barrio 18. Ticas concludes that it belongs to a different woman altogether â a name that was not on the informantâs list. After an âinvestigationâ, the gang âdisappearedâ her partner. The limbs seem largely intact, with bits of tattered clothing around them. NEJAPA, El Salvador - A landslide left nine people dead, seven injured and one missing after torrential rains in El Salvador, civil … In most ways, the country has never quite recovered since. El Salvador: At least 7 dead, more than 30 missing in landslide Emergency crews are working to rescue any survivors after heavy rains cause mudslide near the capital, San Salvador. El Salvadorâs government and its law enforcement have been quick to support this view. The latest breaking news, ... 2020 Election; Voices. US sports; ... El Salvador. They sift the dirt they extract, looking for any clues the perpetrators or the victim might have left behind. Over several hours, he combs away the dirt, exposing a human skeleton. Many more will return, both clients and cargo of the human-smuggling networks now controlled by organised crime. He draws the outline again and they dig a layer deeper. âWhat do you want to tell me?â After reconstructing her neck, vertebra by vertebra, Ticas gathers her ribs into a pile by the spine. Neither will the consequences of their continuing evolution be walled off behind national boundaries, increasingly intertwined as they are with the currents of illicit supply and demand that tie producers to the US, the worldâs largest market for illegal drugs. Its head is bent backward, as if in supplication. “El Salvador is a country where democracy has cost blood.” But appeals invoking the war may resonate less and less here. The experience left him equally as distrustful of the rightwing generals he had served as of the guerrilla commanders who would join them among the political elite at warâs end. He was sure they had buried her deeper. SAN SALVADOR, El Salvador — At least six people were killed and 35 were missing after a landslide during torrential rains in El Salvador, civil defence officials said Friday. As they worked to cover up their crimes with increasing sophistication, they even joked that they were making it a challenge for Ticas, the informant tells him. Ticas says the gangs appreciate his efforts: some day it could be their mothers to whom he gives closure. The murders that occurred here happened in the middle of a truce that the government negotiated between the rival gangs, which was credited with halving the homicide rate. As always, he carries a pistol in a handbag at his side. Emergency crews are working to rescue any survivors after heavy rains cause mudslides near the capital, San Salvador. For both of these factors, the US indeed bore considerable responsibility. Rather than a problem to be deported away, however, the reality of the gang is considerably more complex. Meanwhile, behind the noisy spectacle of family separations and the deployment of the US military to its southern border, the Trump administration has quietly enacted a wide range of calibrated policy changes to dramatically ramp up the deportation machinery it inherited, and to choke off immigration across the board. âBut (it) had already reached my daughterâs house. Ticas calls himself a âlawyer for the deadâ. Thousands of convicts were sent back to the Northern Triangle each year â the neighboring Central American countries of El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala. Later, they began stabbing the corpses in the stomach and throat before burying them in order to release gases trapped inside, so the decomposition process would leave an even smaller cavity. Our destination is a site used by members of the local MS-13 gang to rape, torture and execute people. With his fingers he traces the boundaries of what he sees in the dirt. He, too, wears a mask, with an assault rifle slung over his shoulder, in case the gangâs spotters are watching. El Salvadorâs Civil Protection Agency said the landslide had carved a route approximately 4km (2.5 miles) in length through Los Angelitos, sweeping mud, rocks and tree trunks in its path. Fri 10 Jan 2020 06.00Â GMT They removed her clothes and dragged her here, then began to chop her up. The victims include civilians, rivals from the Barrio 18 gang, and their own members who break internal codes of discipline. El Salvador President Nayib Bukele, for the third time in 10 days, on April 16, 2020, publicly dismissed Supreme Court rulings to respect fundamental rights while enforcing quarantine regulations. âGod will help me find your mother.â Each corpse that goes undiscovered is another family that will never get closure. In one scene in The Engineer, a documentary about Ticas, a gang member says that if they ever catch him offguard, they will bury him in one of the graves he has been excavating. Emergency crews are working to rescue any survivors after heavy rains cause mudslides near the capital, San Salvador. So he struck her again. Ticas was not formally trained in forensics, and many of the techniques he uses he discovered himself. The victim, he says, was likely shot at that spot during the night. All rights reserved. Of those affected, many will remain in the US, working and living in the shadows. But the reality, the informant says, is that it taught them to hide their victims in clandestine graves such as these. It serves as a drug recipient and storage point along the Pacific Coast, and a bridge via the Pan-American Highway, the Fonseca Gulf, and roads fro m Honduras that cu t through relatively unpopulated areas. Many have come to believe that the US got rid of its problem at El Salvadorâs expense. The reality is more complicated. A few months earlier, the informant fell out of favour. He notes the slash marks on her breastbone. Doing so has allowed the Salvadoran regime to blame the cause not only on a gang culture imported from the US, but on often simplified notions of crime that have little to do with difficult and costly political solutions. The story of El Salvadorâs gang problem is a study in shortsighted thinking â from governments in Washington and San Salvador, on both sides of the political spectrum â that has backfired disastrously. He reaches elbow-deep into it and feels what he knows by touch to be a human pelvic bone. But, according to a popular view in El Salvador, these mass deportations changed everything in the country. Something else is amiss. At the start of this case, the daughter of a missing woman came to him asking for his help. Reinado de El Salvador 2020 held its coronation night yesterday at the Auditorio Fepade in San Salvador where eleven stunning finalists competed for the crown and Tiffany Katota was crowned as the Reina Hispanoamericana El Salvador 2020. In effect, this could make it virtually impossible for Central Americans to seek asylum in the US. â¢ Adapted from State of War: MS-13 and El Salvadorâs World of Violence by William Wheeler, published on 14 January by Columbia Global Reports. Ticas clears away dirt from the skull. The cavity is roughly the shape of the African continent. A large landslide triggered by heavy rains hit the northeastern flank of the San Salvador volcano in El Salvador late October 29 (LT), 2020. She has succeeded Gabriela Acevedo who represented El Salvador at Reina … El Salvador is one of the countries that is most dependent on remittances from abroad, and the fate of some 200,000 of its citizens now hangs before US courts as they decide whether Trump has the authority to revoke their legal status. Guatemala's President Alejandro Giammattei and El Salvador's President Nayib Bukele shake hands at a news conference in San Salvador, El Salvador January 27, 2020. We managed to get out, but we couldnât get to her,â she said. Authorities said there were two children among the seven dead. The new entity, Invest El Salvador… The maras, in this analysis, are the primary and most urgent problem facing countries such as El Salvador. After a few minutes, the convoy stops at a parched basin beside the fields, a spot where a river runs during the wetter months. His men dig down a layer around its perimeter, then level the ground flat. He surveys the crust, looking for a patch of discoloured soil, a sign that something has been altered. Since mid-June, the number of infections and deaths has increased to the point that President Nayib Bukele acknowledged last weekend that the Covid-19 infection curve “has become … In the late 90s, the Latino gangs of LA found an export mechanism: in response to MS-13âs growing clout and amid Bill Clintonâs immigration crackdown, the US began deporting foreign-born residents convicted of wide-ranging crimes. The maras have since drawn three generations into an escalating cycle of conflict that offers no easy escape. The slide occurred Thursday night when earth from the upper part of the San Salvador volcano was set in motion, sweeping up trees and homes … It is the third body they have found here that the informant knew nothing about. When he arrived, he was told to dig a hole: a woman would be killed. The Salvadoran youths, a generation of jobless foot soldiers who made easy recruits, flocked to their banner. Unlike in the US, where he would probably be offered witness protection, in El Salvador he lives on his own, even though the gang would like nothing more than to find and kill him, which they will likely succeed in doing if he doesnât leave the country when the case is finished. Â© 2020 Guardian News & Media Limited or its affiliated companies. As soon as he arrived at his familyâs house in El Salvador, members of MS-13 showed up at his doorstep. He thinks he can find one more before his time is up and he has brought the informant here to help. Ticas moves around the grave in a dizzying pattern, fishing out roots and rocks, working his way around the hole as if he is playing pool. The countryâs violence is not only the result of American-imported crime. It is not difficult to understand why the authorities are eager to depict El Salvadorâs violence as the original sin. El Salvador imposes prisons lockdown after 22 murders in a day This article is more than 6 months old ‘Maximum emergency’ to allow police investigate highest single-day homicide tally
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