characteristics of communicable diseases ppt

Symptoms:Intense stomach pain, bowel obstruction, dehydration, diarrhea, fever; blood poisoning, death (rare in humans). • Infection – occurs when an infectious agent enters the body and begins to reproduce; may or may not lead to disease. Emerging Diseases Emerging Infectious Disease Categories (NIAID) 1 of 3 Emerging Infectious Disease Categories (NIAID) 2 of 3 Emerging Infectious Disease Categories (NIAID) 3 of 3 Clinical Characteristics of SARS High fever Headache Diarrhea (10-20%) Pneumonia Case fatality 774/8098 (10%) Treatment – supportive care Sudden Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) Emerged in 2003 – … 1. The number of annual deaths has increased from roughly 48 million in 1990 to almost 56 million in 2015. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. McKenna, et al, 1998 . If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Submitted to: Dr. Asma Latif DIARRHOEAL DISEASES DESCRIPTION Infectious agent Bacteria: such as Salmonellae (commonly S. enteritidis, S. typhimurium) and Escherichia coli. A communicable disease is one that is spread from one person to another through a variety of ways that include: contact with blood and bodily fluids; breathing in an airborne virus; or by being bitten by an insect. Infectious diseases Upload Now. simplified concepts and postulates. Communicable diseases may be classified according to the causative agent, the clinical illness caused, or the means of transmission. Type 1 diabetes which is … Global Molecular Diagnostics Market Report: 2014 Edition – New Report by Konc... 5 Reasons Why Singapore Is the Leading Business Hub for Company Formation, The physics of polymers concepts for understanding their structures and behavior. Infectious Disease 40-1 What is Disease? Common Cold. Shareable Link. Once the means of transmission is known, it leads to the best method of control, so it is preferable to use this as the method of classification. Infectious diseases are the diseases caused by various pathogenic microorganisms such as virus, bacteria, protozoan, fungi, and other parasites. Scribd will begin operating the SlideShare business on December 1, 2020 Abstracts of the workshop, Interrogating Change: Central Asia between Timeles... Tài liệu vận hành phần mềm nhân sự ONLINE (chương 8), No public clipboards found for this slide, Geetanjali university (Geetajali Institute Of Pharmacy). Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. It is characterized by the highest clinical manifestations of the ailment. The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancer, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes. Communicable Diseases – Introduction HISTORY OF PRESENT ILLNESS AND REVIEW OF SYSTEMS When a communicable disease is suspected, a thorough history is essential. Exposure of the digestive system to anthrax usually by consuming meat products that contain anthrax. Scribd will begin operating the SlideShare business on December 1, 2020 Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Guvera Vasireddy The most typical features of the infectious disease height are fever, functional and organic disturbances in the affected system or organ (respiratory failure, digestive and urinary tract malfunctions, or CNS disorders). Transmission is the key to the epidemiology of communicable diseases. 1. Diabetes. Lifestyle diseases are ailments that are primarily based on the day to day habits of people. Infectious agents are present all around us, and they come in different shapes and sizes. degenerative non-communicable diseases . Severe and often fatal form of anthrax. • Pathogen – an infectious agent that causes disease. Humans are the only rewervoir for the virs. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Name at least four characteristics of NCDs. Learn more. Smallpox is an infectious disease unique to humans, caused by either of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Ask a Study Question. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Results in death in 25% to 60% of cases. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Certain ones do CAUSE infectious Diseases that can spread directly or indirectly. Water washed diseases 7 Epidemiologists focus on the epidemiologic characteristics of a disease and classify diseases ac-cording to either the means of transmission or the reservoir of the organism. View and Download PowerPoint Presentations on Communicable And Noncommunicable Disease PPT. The term "smallpox" was first used in Europe in the 15th century to distinguish variola from the great pox (syphilis). Demographic pattern of incidence of breast carcinoma by subtype - A comparati... No public clipboards found for this slide. Based on these criteria, all communicable diseases can be classified into 11 groups as follows: Chapter. 4. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. The disease is also known by the Latin names Variola or Variola vera, which is a derivative of the Latin varius, meaning spotted, or varus, meaning "pimple". Please give constructive feedback :D focused on the characteristics of the causative organism. Communicable diseases constitute a considerable proportion of the global burden of morbidity and mortality, accounting in 2002 for 23.5% of the global burden of disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) and 19.1% of global deaths. These are known as contagious or communicable diseases cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, chronic lung disease, chronic neurologic disorders, arthritis, musculoskeletal disorders. 4 If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. 70% (40 million) of global deaths in 2015 were due to non-communicable diseases. Transmission There are many ways in which the elements that cause communicable diseases are passed on from individual to individual and some include coming into contact with contaminated food, water, bodily … Infectious Diseases • Prions are abnormal, transmissible agents that are able to induce abnormal folding of normal cellular prion proteins in the brain, leading to brain damage and the characteristics signs and symptoms of the disease. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. The multiplicity of the risk factors associated with specific disease … The multi-factorial nature of the risk factors for NCDs. Infections and infectious diseases: A manual for nurses and midwives in the WHO European region has been written with the aim of developing the knowledge, skills and attitudes of nurses and midwives regarding infections and infectious diseases and their prevention and control. Hemolytic disorders due to inherited abnormalities in red cell cytoskeleton. Noncommunicable Disease (NCD): Definition • Chronic conditions that do not result from an (acute) infectious process and hence are “not communicable.” • A disease that has a prolonged course, that does not resolve spontaneously, and for which a complete cure is rarely achieved. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Communicable diseases are diseases that are as a result of the causative organism spreading from one person to another or from animals to people. 2. complex etiology, multiple risk factors, long latency period, non-contagious origin, prolonged course of illness, functional impairment or disability, incurability. Human prion diseases affect approximately 1–2 persons per million worldwide annually, occurring in sporadic, inherited, and acquired forms. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Human prion diseases are a group of transmissible, progressive, and invariably fatal neurodegenerative disorders, which include Kuru, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome, and fatal familial insomnia. Habits that detract people from activity and push them towards a sedentary routine can cause a number of health issues that can lead to chronic non-communicable diseases … See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. They are among the major causes of illnesses in Kenya and the entire Africa. Image of rhinovirus, Reducing the Spread of Infectious Diseases, 1. Title: The Epidemiology of Non-Communicable Diseases Author: Thomas J. Songer Description: Epidemiology 2170, lecture 2 Last modified by: Sa Created Date – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 69d945-ZjhkZ Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Some of the more common symptoms are detailed below. Semester:8th Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Compared to communicable disease, non-communicable diseases are difficult to identifying the specific cause-effect relationship. ... For each approved PPT you will get 25 Credit Points and 25 Activity Score which will increase your profile visibility. Communicable Diseases : Causes Prevention & Types with Examples of Communicable diseases - YouTube. Infectious diseases are illnesses caused by microorganisms . Epidemic of 1918 killed 20-100 million people worldwide. The common cold, strep throat, gastroenteritis and herpes infections are among the most common communicable diseases. 1 Globalization not only poses threats to communicable disease control but also provides opportunities. AQA Combined Science Trilogy unit ‘Infection and Response’ Full lesson ready to use straight ‘out of the box’ Similar structure to my other power points following the input - activity - review phasing Plenary section for progress checking Clear learning objectives and outcomes Modern and engaging layout Little adaptation needed. Most do not cause disease and actually help your body function normally. Communicable diseases can occur from time to time, have regular presence in a population or a geographic area, be present in lots of people at once, or be spread globally. If you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. for undergraduates. They can be as dangerous as cancer, diabetes, tuberculosis, pneumonia and mental retardation, whereas, on the other hand, they can be as simple as mild fever and stomach ache. Transmission may also occur indirectly by touching a surface covered with germs. Communicable Disease Profile for Afghanistan and Neighbouring Countries WHO Communicable Disease WG on Emergencies/October 2001 3 Food or Water-borne Diseases 1. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. As their name suggests, common colds are extremely common. Disease Any change in the body, other than injury, that disrupts the normal functions of the body Disease has many causes ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 72ec98-YzJlN • Infectious disease – disease caused by an infectious agent such as a bacterium, virus, protozoan, or fungus that can be passed on to others. If you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account. These infectious diseases can be transmitted by animals, humans, insects or other agents. Definition A communicable disease is one that is spread from one person to another or from an animal to a person through a variety of ways. Because microorganisms can affect every system, a thorough review of every body system is indicated. Find PowerPoint Presentations and Slides using the power of XPowerPoint.com, find free presentations research about Communicable And Noncommunicable Disease PPT The only infectious disease to be considered eradicated. 52 Roll no:329 Symptoms, on the other hand, can be felt only by the patient. They include things such as fever, coughing, rash, vomiting, and diarrhea. An example of a typical microbiologic classification of infectious diseases is shown in Table 2-2. Non-Communicable Diseases as the name suggests are not transmitted from person to person but is a result of combination of genetic, physiological, environmental and behavioral factors. Learn more. These diseases affect people of all ages but more so children due to their exposure t… Department of Pathology We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Learn more. You can change your ad preferences anytime. As of this date, Scribd will manage your SlideShare account and any content you may have on SlideShare, and Scribd's General Terms of Use and Privacy Policy will apply. Microorganisms are small things found everywhere. Discuss the major methods for transmission of communicable disease. Class: BS-IV If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Department of Zoology. • Prion diseases are usually rapidly progressive and always fatal. They are also known as chronic diseases as they remain for longer period of time. Osmania Medical College. Signs of an infectious disease are characteristics of a disease that can be observed by examining a patient. As of this date, Scribd will manage your SlideShare account and any content you may have on SlideShare, and Scribd's General Terms of Use and Privacy Policy will apply. Explain the principles of surveillance, the characteristics of different surveillance systems, their strengths and weaknesses and application to disease control. Infectious Diseases Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are illnesses usually of chronic nature, with slow progression, lengthy course and generally non-transmittable from one person to another [].They are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide currently, with projections of even more burden by 2030 [].According to World Health Organization (WHO) recent estimates, NCDs kill approximately 38 … Noncommunicable diseases, or NCDs, are by far the leading cause of death in the world, representing 63% of all annual deaths. Choose epidemiological methods to investigate and manage outbreaks. Diabetes limits the body’s ability to process glucose normally.

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