ancient maps of the world antarctica

Today, as noted by authors such as Charles Hapgood, Gavin Menzies, and others, various enigmas remain standing about the Piri Reis map, especially in regards to Latin America and the Southern regions of our planet, as the map supposedly outlines the Antarctic continent, but with rivers and mountains that would not have been visible if the continent was covered in ice. Piri Reis map is a world map created by Ottoman-Turkish cartographer Ahmed Muhiddin Piri in 1513. Measuring roughly 35 by 24 inches, the map is currently in pieces, but the surviving ones show different pieces of the world as … The ice-cap in this region is now about a mile thick. But more recently, it has been revealed that the map, which is based on much older charts of the world, depicts the continent of Antarctica free from ice. As seen in the above map, other theories attempt to correlate the lower boundary of the Miri Reis chart with the coast of Argentina’s Patagonia region and the Falkland Islands. This had led some of them to argue that someone, somehow, must have traveled to Antarctica when it was free of ice. The accuracy of the Mercator Projection was not absolute until the chronometer was invented in 1760.. In 1950 American expedition Deep Freeze managed to “reveal” the geography of the icy continent. In 1929 the document was found which dates back to the early 15th century and appears to show the world in unprecedented detail. Until there is absolute proof to support one or the other theory, the arguments will continue. Mainstream scholars maintain that there is no reason to believe that the map is the product of genuine knowledge of the Antarctic coast, nor the belief it shows Antarctica free of ice. In addition to being a cartographer, Piri Reis served in the Turkish navy, for which he held the rank of admiral. Cuba already appears as an island. We are convinced that the findings made by you and your associates are valid and that they raise extremely important questions affecting geology and ancient history, questions which certainly require further investigation. This indicates the coastline had been mapped before it was covered by the ice-cap. The Piri Reis Map: An Ancient Map Showing Ice-Free Antarctica? From eight Jaferyas of that kind and one Arabic map of Hind [India], and from four newly drawn Portuguese maps which show the countries of Sind [now in modern day Pakistan], Hind and Çin [China] geometrically drawn, and also from a map drawn by Qulūnbū [Columbus] in the western region, I have extracted it. And another letter by the US Air Force regarding the map: 8 RECONNAISSANCE TECHNICAL SQUADRON (SAC) UNITED STATES AIR FORCE Westover Air Force Base, Mass. We Landed On The Moon 50 Years Ago, Here Are The 10 Most Amazing Images. As explained by Steven Dutch, as far as the accuracy of the depiction of the supposed Antarctic coast is concerned, there are two conspicuous errors. But those who disagree with what Professor Hapgood and other authors proposed indicate there is afar more logical explanation. The map, drawn on gazelle skin parchment was presented to Ottoman Sultan Selim I in 1517. Kircher did not have the benefit of seeing an ice free map of Antarctica.In his time the continent had not even been discovered, let alone explored. We thank you for extending us the opportunity to have participated in the study of these maps. This controversy was precipitated when Professor Charles Hapgood published, in 1965, his theory about Antarctica in the book Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings.Professor Hapgood, based at the University of New Hampshire, had studied the Piri Reis Map with his students and found several things that they could not explain. Walters remarked on the comparisons between the Piri Reis Map and the newly (1954) discovered sub-glacial features of the Queen Maud region of Antarctica: Hypothesis that attempts to correlate the lower boundary of the Piri Reis map of the coast of Argentine Patagonia and the Falkland Islands. There are numerous theories about the origin of these pyramids. This conclusion is further supported by a comparison of the Oronteus Fineaus [sic] Map with the results obtained by International Geophysical Year teams in their measurements of the subglacial topography. The map has garnered attention because it appears to show an ice-free Antarctic coastline. The ancient Piri Reis map of Antarctica and South America from 1513 shows a world that was not then known. While cataloging antique items he found a … This 16th century map shocked the world because it showed the way Antarctica looked without ice. Professor Hapgood, based at the University of New Hampshire, had studied the Piri Reis Map with his students and found several things that they could not explain. The Piri Reis (1513) and Oronteus Fineaus [sic] (1531) maps sent to us by you presented a delightful challenge, for it was not readily conceivable that they could be so accurate without being forged. Read another story from us: Original map of Disneyland drawn by Walt Disney and Herb Ryman could fetch $1 million at auction. Ancient Babylonian Conservative Map. If we compare Athanasius Kircher’s 1665 ancient Egyptian map of Atlantis (right) with a modern map of ice-free Antarctica (below right) the similarity becomes astonishing! The Piri Reis world map, 1513. If you believe that this depiction is of the lower coast of South America, then you will probably scoff at the idea of an ancient advanced civilization. Ice in Antarctica appeared relatively suddenly— and by suddenly, we mean in geologic terms — about 35 million years ago. In 1819, Fabián von Bellingshausen discovered the landmass of Antarctica for the first time. This controversy was precipitated when Professor Charles Hapgood published, in 1965, his theory about Antarctica in the book Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings. 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With the dawn of the age of exploration in the 15th century, though, our concept of the world started to open up once more. In the map’s legend, Piri inscribed that the map was based on about twenty charts and mappae Mundi. He said evidence of this was in the 500-year-old Piri Reis map – a world map drawn up by the Ottoman admiral of the same name. Please consider turning off Ad-Block. Archaeologists discovered the oldest undisputed map on the … Wikimedia Commons The section of the Piri Reis map that shows Antarctica. A number of scholars who have examined the map claim it clearly shows the west coast of Africa, the east coast of South America and the northern coast of Antarctica – but not covered in sheet ice. Does the Piri Reis map really show Antarctica free from ice? We have no idea how the data on this map can be reconciled with the supposed state of geographical knowledge in 1513. If you subscribe to the idea that this portion of the map is Antarctica without its ice cap (which has appeared on other maps), then you must believe that an ancient civilization that had advanced navigational skills existed and produced accurate maps of the globe. We are committed to reducing the number of ads shown on the site. Getty Images / BuzzFeed Like whoa! What is even more incredible is the fact that this ancient map shows a land bridge connection Siberia and Alaska, indicating … LORENZO W. BURROUGHS Captain, USAF Chief, Cartographic Section 8th Reconnaissance Technical Sqdn (SAC) Westover Air Force Base, Massachusetts. The baffling Piri Reis Map of 1513: It showed Antarctica centuries before discovery, but without its ice cap. Close examination has proved the original source maps must have been compiled at a time when the land mass and inland waterways of the continent were relatively free of ice. In the 16 th Century Haji Ahmed Muhiddin Piri was an admiral in the Turkish navy, which at the time never ventured beyond the Mediterranean or the Black Sea. The jury is still out on the question of whether the Piri Reis Map shows Antarctica or not. The map was found on a dusty shelf in a library in Constantinople in 1929 and no one doubts its authenticity, but just how could Piri Reis have such a map showing an entire continent that wasn't even discovered for a few more hundred years? Fomenko’s New Chronology: A Conspirative Chronological Chaos? We find that this is the most logical and, in all probability, the correct interpretation of the map. For one thing, the map appears to show Antarctica almost 300 years before it was discovered. A Turkish Navy officer sent the map … The use of Mercator Projection on the Piri Reis Map could possibly be explained by his use of Greek maps in the creation of his drawing, but there was no explanation for the inclusion of Antarctica without the ice cap. According to Piri, these maps included eight Ptolemaic maps, an Arabic map of India, four newly drawn Portuguese maps from Sindh, and a map by Christopher Columbus of the western lands. Not only does it show Antarctica, but the continent is drawn as a land mass as it would have appeared before it was covered with its ice cap over 6,000 years ago. The great debate was sparked by Professor Charles Hapgood when he published his theory on the Piri Reis map in his book Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings in 1965. This suggests a time long before any known sophisticated civilizations existed or any well-defined languages were used on Earth. 8 RECONNAISSANCE TECHNICAL SQUADRON (SAC) UNITED STATES AIR FORCE Westover Air Force Base Massachusetts, To: Prof. Charles H. Hapgood Keene Teachers College Keene, New Hampshire. I am sure you will be pleased to know we have concluded that both of these maps were compiled from accurate original source maps, irrespective of dates. As stated by Colonel Harold Z. Ohlmeyer in his letter (July 6, 1960) to you, the Princess Martha Coast of Queen Maud Laud, Antarctica, appears to be truly represented on the southern sector of the Piri Reis map. Among all the maps … In Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings, Dr. Charles Hapgood published the Piri Reis Map of Antarctica. The following officers and airmen volunteered their time to assist Captain Lorenzo W. Burroughs in this evaluation: Captain Richard E. Covault, CWO Howard D. Minor, MSgt Clifton M. Dover, MSgt David C. Carter, TSgt James H. Hood, SSgt James L. Carroll, and A1C Don R. Vance. Dozens of theories have been put forward to try and explain the mystery of the Piri Reis Map. It is not very often that we have an opportunity to evaluate maps of ancient origin. The stories above are backed up by maps made by famous cartographer and artist Heinrich C. Berann for the National Geographic Society in 1966. The most puzzling however is not so much how the Piri Reis Antarctica map managed to so accurate 300 years before it was discovered, but that the map shows the real coastline under the ice. The geographical detail shown in the lower part of the map agrees very remarkably with the results of the seismic profile made across the top of the ice cap by the Swedish-British-Norwegian Antarctic Expedition of 1949. The Greeks were able to create cylindrical maps based on their knowledge o… Not only was there the issue of Antarctica without its ice cap, but they noticed that the map was drawn using the Mercator Projection, a methodology not used by European cartographers until the late 16th century. This parchment had a map drawn on it, and Deissmann was amazed to see that it appeared to show the outline of South America. The evidence of an earlier discovery of Antarctica might be found in the Ottoman Piri Reis Map dated 1513 — shortly after Columbus’ discovery of the Americas. The history of Antarctica emerges from early Western theories of a vast continent, known as Terra Australis, believed to exist in the far south of the globe.The term Antarctic, referring to the opposite of the Arctic Circle, was coined by Marinus of Tyre in the 2nd century AD..

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