ixora coccinea inflorescence

I. coccinea thrives in full sun in moist but well-drained acid soil but can tolerate light to moderate shade (Gilman, 1999). It is a shrub with many stems, measures up to 3 m tall and smooth. Bracteate, pedicellate, complete, hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, tetramerous, epigynous, large, showy, corolla tube very long. Phytochemistry, 27, 2591–2598. Hottz D, Pereira-Moura MVL, Gomes M, 2007. Plant-pollinator interactions in tropical monsoon forests in Southeast Asia. Online Database. It shows moderate tolerance to drought (Gilman, 1999) and tolerates mild salt spray (Watkins and Sheeham, 1975). Ixora coccinea, inflorescence and foliage. Ixora crocata Lindl. Ixora duffii (scientific name: Ixora duffii) is a tropical evergreen shrub of the Rubiaceae family, from Sumatra Island. San Juan, Puerto Rico: La Editorial, University of Puerto Rico. by Francis JK]. New York Botanical Garden, 2017. Nora Grant. Habit . I. coccinea has been occasionally persisting around former habitations and waste areas in Florida. Ixora dubia Schult. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Useful Tropical Plants, 2017. Liogier H A, Martorell L F, 2000. Río Piedras, Puerto Rico: University of Puerto Rico Press.436 pp. The EPPO Global Database lists the following as pests of I. coccinea: Cephonodes hylas, Ceroplastes stellifer and Maconellicoccus hirsutus (EPPO, 2020). Origin: Mutation discovered among cultivated plants of Ixora coccinea, cv. The Rubiaceae family is one of the largest families of flowering plants, with over 13,000 species distributed worldwide (Davis et al., 2009).Ixora is the third largest genus in the family with about 500 species distributed in tropical and subtropical regions (Mouly et al., 2009). Though native to the tropical and subtropical areas throughout the world, its centre of diversity is in Tropical Asia. In: Encyclopedia of Life . The African species of Ixora (Rubiaceae–Pavetteae), Opera Botanica Belgica 9. Pseudocercospora ixoricola causing leaf spots on Ixora coccinea in Brazil. Tropical ornamentals, a guide, Portland, Oregon, USA: Timber Press.542 pp. There are no pictures available for this datasheet, Smithsonian Museum of Natural History (2017), https://bioinfo.bisr.res.in/project/domap/index.php, https://regionalconservation.org/ircs/database/site/IntroPR.asp, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, Sources differ as to whether the species is native or introduced, Grand Cayman. Paraphyly of Ixora and new tribal delimitation of Ixoreae (Rubiaceae): inference from combined chloroplast (rps16, rbcl, and trnT-F) sequence data. The Ixora coccinea is one of the most popular flowering trees in the tropical and subtropical regions; it has been declared, for instance, national flower of Suriname (Dutch Guyana), where it’s called “fajalobi”, due to its ample presence. PIER, 2017. http://www.proseanet.org. Online Database. http://www.proseanet.org, CABI, 2020. José Chabert-Llompart, El Pastillo Conservation Trust Inc., Puerto Rico. Alves and Barreto (2010) observed Pseudocercospora ixoricola to be a pathogen of I. coccinea in South America. Liogier, H. A., Martorell, L. F., 2000. Red, 4 petals, clustered into corymbiform inflorescences, scentless but source of nectar for insects. Root . However, I. chinensis has a cuneated leaf base with round petals while I. coccinea has a heart-shaped leaf base with pointed petals. Online Portal of India Biodiversity. (Rubiaceae Juss. (2008) and Duara (2014), the flowers of I. coccinea are exclusively pollinated by papilionid butterflies. Alves, J. L., Barreto, R. W., 2010. DOMAP, 2016. Geographical Distributions. Ixora Coccinea (scientific name: Ixora coccinea) is a tropical evergreen shrub of Santonca genus of the Rubiaceae family in Indian origin. Stamens attached at corolla throat, anthers 0.3-0.35 cm. Ixora coccinea is native to the Indian subcontinent including Sri Lanka (USDA-ARS, 2017) and tropical Southeast Asia (Floridata, 2017). Ysrael MC, Van Valkenburg JLCH, 1999. Corolla made up of 4 petals, gamopetalous, twisted, long, slender, corolla tube with abruptly expanded corolla limbs, coloured. Ixora coccinea is dispersed by seed; in Puerto Rico, there are reports of this species being dispersed by birds  (Liogier and Martorell, 2000). Synonym: Ixora incarnata. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. About ten species are already cultivated for their large inflorescences and brightly coloured flowers, including I. coccinea. Ixora coccinea is used in warm climates for hedges and screens, foundation plantings, landscaping or grown as a specimen shrub or small tree. Stipules 3-5 mm long. http://www.eol.org, EPPO, 2020. Selvaraj R, 1987. Inflorescence Type/ Size- ... Dear all.. attached is the photograph of *Ixora coccinea* (both ripen > and immature)..recorded from Kumta of Karnataka. Spermatophyta, Volume 5: Acanthaceae to Compositae. I. coccinea prefers a rich acidic soil (pH 5.0-5.5) that is well watered yet has good drainage. The plant is well known in Thailand because its flowers have a scent of leaves of pandan or newly cooked fragrant rice. It is found worldwide in tropical and subtropical climates and has naturalized in Puerto Rico, presumably dispersed by birds. Research has shown that both aqueous and methanolic leaf extracts of I. coccinea exhibit potent anti-neutrophil activity(Wickramasinghe et al., 2014). Flower If temperatures dip below 4°C, leaves and small twigs will be damaged. Volume 1, (Gen Tech Rep IITF-GTR-26) [ed. What type of inflorescence is seen in ixora flower? In cooler climes, I. coccinea is grown in greenhouses or as a potted house plant. Flowers sessile, bright scarlet hypanthium 1-1.5 mm long, glabrescent, teeth, c. 0.5 mm long, corolla-tube, 2.5-4.0 cm long, 1.5 mm wide, glabrous, lobes 8-10 x 4-5 mm, twisted in bud, throat glabrous. Davis AP, Govaerts R, Bridson DM, Ruhsam M, Moat J, 2009. [ed. Missouri Botanical Garden, 2017. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research, 62(2), 567-584. The leaves are large and wide, glossy and rounded. Further, mango trees are also host of this butterfly. http://tropicos.org/Project/CE. In Ecuador, it is cultivated in coastal areas at elevations from 0 to 500 m (Missouri Botanical Garden, 2017). Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Ovary 0.1-0.2 cm across; style 3-3.5 cm, exserted. Dense, multi-branched evergreen shrub, commonly 1.2-2 m in height, but capable of reaching up to 3.6 m. Leaves simple, opposite, ± sessile to short-petiolate; blades elliptic, oblong, or obovate, usually leathery, base cordate to round (rarely wedge-shaped), apex rounded, mucronate, or shortly tapering, up to 10 cm long and 5 cm wide; stipules basally sheathing, lobes triangular and strongly awn-tipped. Ask for details ; Follow Report by Dhananchakma3218 07.10.2019 Log in to add a comment Blooming yellow Ixora flowers. Members of this genus are of particular interest because of their ornamental value as garden plants and as a source of metabolites for the pharmaceutical industry (Inouye et al., 1988). Useful tropical plants database. (Blütenbiologische Typen als Elemente der Sippengliederung : dargestellt anhand der Flora Südafrikas). In: Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Ixora speciosa Willd. Duara P, 2014. http://collections.nmnh.si.edu/search/botany/, USDA-ARS, 2017. Inhibition of phagocytic and intracellular killing activity of human neutrophils by aqueous and methanolic leaf extracts of Ixora coccinea. USDA-ARS, 2017. Ixora coccinea is a dense, multi-branched evergreen shrub native to India and Sri Lanka. Botanical description of Ixora coccinea . In: Millennium Seed Bank - Seed List. Effectiveness and importance of butterflies as pollinators to the flowers of Ixora coccinea. PIER, 2017. According to Kato et al. 382 pp. Leaf . https://gd.eppo.int, Floridata, 2017. Database of medicinal and aromatic plants in Rajasthan. Apparently I. coccinea does not reproduce naturally outside its native range. In: Useful tropical plants database. Floridata. - Hardy only in zones 10 and 11 where it is used as a hedge, specimen, or container plant. Leaves (9-)12-25 x (3.5)5-9(-12) cm, glabrous. It flowers throughout the year in full sunlight and light shade; shrubs grown in heavy shade rarely flower (Whistler, 2000; Useful Tropical Plants, 2017). I. coccinea is widely cultivated as an ornamental (New York Botanical Garden, 2017), used in hedges and valued for its floral display (Missouri Botanical Garden, 2017). However, the spring, summer and fall flowering make up for it. Nutritional composition of some lesser-known fruits used by the ethnic communities and local folks of Kerala. http://www.tropicos.org/. The genus Ixora comprises more than 500 species of shrubs and small trees found worldwide mostly in moist and wet forests (Davis et al., 2009; Mouly et al., 2009). In: Online Portal of India Biodiversity . Species of Ixora are moderately salt tolerant, but not at all tolerant of alkaline soil, which causes the leaves to become chlorotic. The genus name is thought to be derived from the Sanskrit "Iswari", the name of the Hindu goddess Parvati, to whom the flowers are offered in Indian temples; the specific epithet coccinea is Latin for scarlet or bright red, in reference to the flower colour (Quattrocchi, 2012). Gynoecium composed of bicarpellary, syncarpous, bilocular, two ovules in each locule, axile placentation, style long and passes through the long corolla tube, stigma bilobed and simple. Meise, Belgium: National Botanic Garden of Belgium.218 pp. Ixora coccinea was introduced in Brazil in 1809 where it has become a popular ornamental (Hottz et al., 2007). CABI is a registered EU trademark. I would also like to add that ... of 'ButterflyIndia' (facebook) group helped me identify the egg of the same butterfly in the related photograph. Bremek. Aerial, erect, branched, cylindrical and woody. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. Ysrael, MC, Van Valkenburg, JLCH, 1999. A large number of cruciform florets gathered in the scattering inflorescence bloom in a hemispherical shape. Flowers numerous, sessile to subsessile; calyx tube 0.18-0.2 cm, puberulous without, lobes minute. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. (2019) describes the species as non-native in Puerto Rico and cultivated only; however, Liogier (1997) describes it as having naturalized and grown as an ornamental. Propagation: Asexual reproduction by leaf cuttings. Rachitha Wickramasinghe, Kumara, R. R., Silva, E. D. de, Ratnasooriya, W. D., Handunnetti, S., 2014. by Quattrocchi, U.]. Gann et al. decolorans Corner, Gard. CRC world dictionary of medicinal and poisonous plants: common names, scientific names, eponyms, synonyms, and etymology , [ed. Name of flower Scientific name Classification Based on Location of the ovary hypogynous Inflorescence Tulipa Essential In: Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. A global assessment of distribution, diversity, endemism, and taxonomic effort in the Rubiaceae. Genus epithet 'Ixora' named after Malabar-Indian deity Iswara, who is assocated with the sacred Ixora coccinea (Jungle Flame) and in turn worshipped with its flowers. Delray Beach, Florida, USA: The Institute for Regional Conservation.https://regionalconservation.org/ircs/database/site/IntroPR.asp, Gilman EF, 1999. Where not hardy, it makes a wonderful flowering plant when grown in containers and can be protected during winter. Ixora Coccinea Flowers gorgeous pink ixora flower (Rubiaceae family) in Antigua. The flowers are also used as a cholagogue and stimulant of digestive enzyme secretion. Kato, M., Kosaka, Y., Kawakita, A., Okuyama, Y., Kobayashi, C., Phimminith, T., Thongphan, D., 2008. Ixora coccinea NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. I. coccinea grows well in all textured soils if moisture is adequate and drainage is good. alliaceae was higher than that of Ixora coccinea [14] and Sida acuta [15]. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. 9: 185. K Fern. There is no evidence to suggest or imply that I. coccinea is an invasive species. Chen L, Chu C, Huang M, 2003. Inflorescence terminal dense corymbiform cymes, peduncle very short or absent; bracts c. 8 mm long. When cut or burned I. coccinea coppices and prostate plants produce vertical shoots. Flora of Mozambique. Ixora coccinea. Ixora coccinea and I. chinensis are often confused even by those in the nursery trade; both have red to yellow flowers, with tubes never longer than 5 cm with very small sepals. In the Philippines, the flowers are used in the treatment of dysentery, leucorrhoea and dysmenorrhoea, haemoptysis and catarrhal bronchitis while part of the roots is used as a sedative in the treatment of nausea, hiccups and appetite loss (Ysrael and Van Valkenburg, 1999). It competes well with shrubs and herbs but not with dense grass. Ixora coccinea red inflorescence. In: Tropicos database. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Whistler WA, 2000. Mouly A, Razafimandimbison S, Florence J, Jeremie J, Bremer B, 2009. Ixorea coccinea. Ixora flammea Salisb. Ixora L. In: Proseabase, [ed. In Colombia (Medellin; Mutata)  I. coccinea is cultivated in the following habitats: pre–montane wet forests and subtropical moist forests. Widely cultivated in New World tropical countries and lower 48 United States, Highly adaptable to different environments, Highly likely to be transported internationally accidentally. Revista Brasileira de Biociências, 5, 642-644. Location collected: Awak village Collected by: Suprina Ladore. Chemotaxonomicstudies of rubiaceous plants containing iridoid glycosides. Dr. Maulik Gadani. Missouri Botanical Garden, 2017. Wildland shrubs of the United States and its Territories: thamnic descriptions. The word “Ixora” is a Portuguese version of Iswari, name of Goddess Parvati to which the flowers of I. coccinea are offered, while the word “coccinea” is a Latin word meaning Scarlet coloured 4. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 96, 68-78. Abstract. Online Database. Ixora coccinea (Red) and I. coccinea (yellow) ... (the white spot in the middle of the inflorescence) of the butterfly. It is a member of Santanka, and it scatters the floret where … In situ experiments with I. coccinea showed floral initiation was promoted between 10 and 20°C and inhibited at 30°C (Chen et al., 2003). Terminal or axillary dense corymbose cyme. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Francis JK, 2004. Settl. Bali, Indonesia. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Triangular, persistent; corolla tube usually around 3.8 cm, lobes lanceolate to ovate, acute or sometimes obtuse, less than 2.5 to 3.1 cm long. Gainesville, Florida, USA: Environmental Horticulture Department, UF/IFAS Extension.http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu. In Florida, nematodes, root rot, leaf spots, bagworms (Pteroma plagiophleps), aphids and scale insects have been reported on I. coccinea (Gilman, 1999). The C. Starr Virtual Herbarium. In India the roots are reported to possess sedative properties and are used against hiccups, fever, gonorrhoea, loss of appetite, diarrhoea and dysentery. EPPO Global Database. Closeup of Ixora coccinea flowers in monochrome. It is a common flowering shrub native to Southern India, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka. Tropicos database. > > … San Juan, Puerto Rico: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry.830 pp. Ixora pallida Reinw. It is found worldwide in tropical and subtropical climates and has naturalized in Puerto Rico, presumably dispersed by birds. This sun-loving shrub bears clusters of tubular flowers in Central and South Florida. Fruit a berry with thin flesh, reddish black. Freely produced throughout the year. http://tropical.theferns.info/, Vascular Plants of Ecuador, 2017. Plants exposed to more sun will be denser and more compact, and produce more flowers. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Gann GD, Trejo-Torres JC, Stocking CG, 2019. http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Ixora incarnata Roxb. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Phytochemical and pharmacological profile of Ixora: a review. Species epithet 'congesta' means 'crowded' or 'congested', a reference to the dense inflorescence clusters. The following description is based on PIER (2017) and India Biodiversity Portal (2017). Reynolds and Forster (Austrobaileya 7(2): 253-278. Ixora coccinea Curtis. FPS 291. I. coccinea grows well in full sun and light to moderate shade. Smithsonian Museum of Natural History Botany Collections. This species has been introduced and cultivated throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the New World; it is widely cultivated in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and Thailand (Ysrael and Van Valkenburg, 1999);  it has naturalized in Puerto Rico (Liogier, 1997; Francis, 2004). Millennium Seed Bank - Seed List. I. coccinea has been intentionally introduced primarily for ornamental and medicinal uses. Stem . In: Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii.http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html. da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro: Ixoroideae, Gardenieae). Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 153(3), 900-907. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2014.03.064. Fort de France, Trinité, Lamentin, Marin, Darién, Coqué, Colón, Canal Area, Bocas del Toro, Mangareva (Gambier) Island, Hiva Oa Island, Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island, Moorea Island, Tahiti Island, Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll, Mili (Mile) Atoll, Aur Atoll, Arno Atoll, Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Deliberate sales. I. coccinea is propagated by cuttings (Useful Tropical Plants, 2017). Plants of the island of Puerto Rico. San Juan, Puerto Rico: La Editorial, University of Puerto Rico.382 pp. Other species like Ixora coccinea, Ixora siamensis (dwarf cultivar), ... Inflorescence and flowers of the red and yellow cultivars of Ixora javanica. Ixora coccinea is a dense, multi-branched evergreen shrub native to India and Sri Lanka. In: The C. Starr Virtual Herbarium. Origin: Cultivated Vogel S, 1954. Pavetta arborea Blanco. The species name coccinea is a latin derivative which means scarlet coloured. Seeds 2, globose, 0.3-0.4 cm diam. About ten species are already cultivated for their large inflorescences and brightly coloured flowers, including I. coccinea. Family Rubiaceae, Subclass Asteridae. Encyclopedia of Life. In: Smithsonian Museum of Natural History Botany Collections. by De Padua LS, Bunyapraphatsara N, Lemmens RHMJ]. Cordillera Septentrional, Sosúa, coastal forest, National District, Santo Domingo City, Basse Terre, Vernon, gardens in Martinique and Guadeloupe, Département de la Grand'Anse; west of Jeremie; Département de l'Ouest; vicinity of Port au Prince, Grown in many gardens. Annals of Missouri Botanic Garden, 96, 146-160. Bogor, Indonesia: PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation. Bogor, Indonesia: PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation. This tight, compact shrub is much branched and tolerates hard pruning, making it ideal for formal hedges (Floridata, 2017). New York, USA: New York Botanical Garden. Watkins JV, Sheeham TJ, 1975. Ixora L. In: Proseabase. I. coccinea is widely used in Ayurveda (traditional medicine) and traditional medicinal practices in Asia. The C. Starr Virtual Herbarium. In: IPPC Official Pest Report, Rome, Italy: FAO. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Liogier HA, 1997. In: Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Growing next to cemetery walls, Smith Rd, Georgetown, Santa Clara - no locality provided though probably near Soledad at Cienfuegos, Las Villas, Puerto Plata. Plant Disease, 94(2), 278. doi: 10.1094/PDIS-94-2-0278C. Ash content, crude fat and crude fibre of Ixora coccinea were higher than Sida acuta and that of the leaf and inflorescence samples in this present study. Richmond, London, UK: Kew Royal Botanic Gardens. (Plantas de la Isla de Puerto Rico). The crimson coloured chickpea-sized fruits of I. coccinea are used as food especially by children in the villages and tribal areas in India (Nazarudeen, 2010). In: Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador. Ixora kroneana (Miq.) Encyclopedia of Life. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador. There are a number of differences, the most important of which are the substantially larger inflorescence and the white flower color with pink margins. Ixora colei Gentil. Ixora dixiana Gentil. Reduced light in winter indoors contributes to leaf drop and much reduced flowering. In Thailand, the roots or flowers are used as anti-inflammatory and antidiarrhoeal drugs, as astringents, tranquilizers and appetite stimulants. It consists of tropical evergreen trees and shrubs and holds around 562 species. Tropicos database. Jaipur, Rajasthan, India: Birla Institute of Scientific Research.https://bioinfo.bisr.res.in/project/domap/index.php. In general I. coccinea is found in cultivated land, plains, scrubland, woodland and gardens (Encyclopedia of Life, 2017). Useful tropical plants database. [Ixora coccinea] Var. CABI Distribution Database: Status as determined by CABI editor. http://apps.kew.org/seedlist/SeedlistServlet. Seeds germinate between 32 and 70 days following sowing (Francis, 2004). 1941. Ixora is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rubiaceae.It is the only genus in the tribe Ixoreae. In: Tropicos database St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden.http://www.tropicos.org/. London, UK: CRC Press Inc.3960 pp. The old South Florida favorite ixora (Ixora spp.) Ixora blanda Ker Gawl. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. An evergreen shrub. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. 2006) reported that I. coccinea is locally adventive in some parts of Australia, which may be a possibility in China. Journal of the American Society of Horticultural Science, 128, 23-28. It is the national flower of Suriname. It has become one of the most popular flowering shrubs in South Florida gardens and landscapes. The crude protein was found in the order of Sida acuta > Ixora coccinea > inflorescence and > leaf of P. alliaceae. Florida landscape plants, native and exotic, Gainesville, Florida, USA: The University Presses of Florida.420 pp. Inflorescence terminal, usually a 3-branched cyme, 5-8 cm across. Ixora coccinea and I. casei are not treated in this current flora but are included in the key to species below for identification. It is also grown in containers, looking very distinguished as a patio or poolside plant. Str. Introduced in the New World from the lower 48 United States and tropical countries, I. coccinea has become one of the most popular flowering shrubs in South Florida gardens and landscapes (Floridata, 2017). However, the shape of the base of the leaf is constant and can be used to distinguish both species (Dontha et al., 2015). Ixora stricta Roxb. Photographs by: Although pantropical, the genus is centred in Asia, with the highest species numbers recorded in Southeast Asia  (De Block, 1998). Branched tap root system. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Cultivation: Hybrid relatively slower-growing than other types of Ixora. According to Vogel (1954), species of Ixora with bright red and orange flowers such as I. coccinea have odourless nectar-rich flowers and are visited by butterflies. Ixora coccinea * Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: RUBIACEAE: English name: Jungle gernnium: Local name: Rathmal / Rathambala: Tamil name: Sanskrit name: Conservation status: Description: Small tree, 2-6(-12) m tall. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, Smithsonian Museum of Natural History, 2017. Frankie Hipp. Beautiful Ixora Coccinea flower images. by De Padua, LS, Bunyapraphatsara, N, Lemmens, RHMJ]. Inflorescences are long-stalked with clusters of fragrant cup-like white flowers of 1–1.5 cm in diameter. Inflorescence and flower development in Chinese Ixora. I. coccinea is a perennial species (Encyclopedia of Life, 2017). Encyclopedia of Life, 2017. In: Useful tropical plants database : K Fern.http://tropical.theferns.info/. Genus species: Ixora coccinea Family: Rubiaceae Chuukese name: Achiou English name: Burning Love, Jungle Flame or Jungle Geranium Kosrean name: Kalsruh Pohnpeian name: Ketieu Yapese name: Waish Growth form: Shrub Growth location: Terrestrial Growth environment: From … In Rajasthan in India, I. coccinea is found in forest areas and road cuttings (DOMAP, 2016); in Florida, this species is observed along roadsides, agricultural fields or thickets (Gann et al., 2019). New York Botanical Garden, 2017. Classification: Ixora coccinea, cv. American Journal of Botany, 95(11), 1375-1394. doi: 10.3732/ajb.0800114. Inouye H, Takeda Y, Nishimura H, Kanomi A, Okuda T, Puff C, 1988. Calyx made up of sepals 4, gamosepalous,green, valvate, very short in comparison to corolla. http://www.eol.org, Hyde M A, Wursten B T, Ballings P, Coates Palgrave M, 2017. Not known from the wild; apparently a cultivar that was developed at and distributed from the Singapore Botanic Gardens. It bears flowers which are numerous having bright scarlet colour in dense, senssile corymbiform cymes. In Japanese name it is safflower suntanka (safflower mountain flower). https://www.ippc.int/, Kew Royal Botanic Gardens, 2017. Cytologia, 52, 343-356. Online Database Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory.https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Useful Tropical Plants, 2017. In: Encyclopedia of Life. Botanische Studien, 1, 1-338. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. In: Floridata Tallahassee, Florida, USA: Floridata.http://www.floridata.com/. Inflorescence . Nazarudeen, A., 2010. Ixora coccinea is native in India, widely cultivated in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and Thailand.. Botanical Description. ex Miq. View flowers.docx from SCIENCE 123 at Centro Escolar University. First Report of Sea Grape Flatid in Barbados. Ixora coccinea red inflorescence. De Block P, 1998. Prefers acidic soils (pH 5.1 - 6.0) supplemented with iron. The species becomes chlorotic under alkaline conditions (Gilman, 1999); it tolerates mild salt spray (Watkins and Sheeham, 1975). Quattrocchi, U., 2012. Merely a form with relatively unattractive flowers which are yellowish at first and then change to pale pinkish white. is a year-round flowering plant that shouldn’t be put into the old-fashioned category. Botanical Name : Ixora coccinea L. The species name coccinea is a latin derivative which means scarlet coloured.. Synonyms : Pavetta coccinea (L.) Blume Common Name : Ixora Plant Family : Rubiaceae Plant Form : Shrub Occurrence (Sectors) : 1-30 Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Infocity, Aranya Van About Ixora coccinea Plant : Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis, (Edn 2 (revised)) . It likes high humidity and a moist, friable, well-drained soil that is high in organics. The chromosome number reported for I. coccinea is 2n = 22 (Selvaraj, 1987). Androecium made up of 4 stamens, polyandrous, epipetalous and alternipetalous, anthers sagitate, dithecous, dorsifixed, introrse. I. coccinea is a member of the family Rubiaceae. The inflorescence has quite a long peduncle, and the small tubular flowers have 4 obovate lobes arranged … Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). In: The C. Starr Virtual Herbarium New York, USA: New York Botanical Garden. ex Sm. Ixora rosea Sims. Little is known about environmental conditions in its native range, but in Puerto Rico I. coccinea grows in areas that receive around 1800 mm of annual precipitation. Lateral roots frequently put out suckers; layering also occurs whenever a branch touches the ground (Francis, 2004). Wallingford, UK: CABI, Encyclopedia of Life, 2017. Simple, opposite decussate, oblong, stipulate with interpetiolar stipules and unicostate reticulate venation. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, 9(2), 398-402. http://nopr.niscair.res.in/bitstream/123456789/8191/1/IJTK%209%282%29%20398-402.pdf. Yellow Ixora known as jungle geranium, flame of the woods, and jungle flame - native to Southern India and Sri Lanka. A decoction of the flowers or the bark is employed as a lotion against eye troubles, sores and ulcers while the leaves are used to treat diarrhoea (Ysrael and Van Valkenburg, 1999). Although light frosts may kill the plant above ground, new growth will occur in spring (Floridata, 2017). Ixora coccinea (also known as jungle geranium, flame of the woods or jungle flame or pendkuli) is a species of flowering plant in the family Rubiaceae. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Museum of Natural History. In: Flora of Mozambique. Ixora. International Journal of Research Studies in Biosciences , 2, 71-74. Dontha S, Kamurthy H, Mantripragada B, 2015. India Biodiversity Portal, 2017. http://www.mozambiqueflora.com/index.php, IPPC, 2020. Fruiting occurs in November and May. Karyomorphological studies in South Indian Rubiaceae. Bull. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. The wide range of varieties available for both species makes it difficult to distinguish between them on the basis of petal shape or floral colour.

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