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Directed by Wolff Kœnig. Summary of Henri Cartier-Bresson. Instead, he thought that they were merely his gut reactions to fleeting situations that he had happened upon. Made at the end of World War II, Le retour (The Return) follows the repatriation of former prisoners of war — like Cartier-Bresson himself, who escaped from a Nazi labor camp in 1943. He started a tradition of testing new camera lenses by taking photographs of ducks in urban parks. Running time: 3 minutes. Introduction by Robert Shaplen. Thames and Hudson, London. For access to motion picture film stills please contact the Film Study Center. His parents supported him financially so Henri could pursue photography more freely than his contemporaries. In 1967, he was divorced from his first wife of 30 years, Ratna "Elie". Short film produced by FR3 Dijon, commentary by the artist. Photographs of Cartier-Bresson are scant. That photograph inspired him to stop painting and to take up photography seriously. Today I would like to start a new series called "Introducing photography masters." It is up to us to apply them to our technique, to improve ourselves, but there is a whole group of fetishes which have developed on the subject of technique. In 1937, Cartier-Bresson married a Javanese dancer, Ratna Mohini. His birthplace was Chanteloup in France. When World War II broke out in September 1939, Cartier-Bresson joined the French Army as a Corporal in the Film and Photo unit. In a Charlie Rose interview in 2000, Cartier-Bresson noted that it wasn't necessarily that he hated to be photographed, but it was that he was embarrassed by the notion of being photographed for being famous.[30]. Color. Running time: 10 minutes. In 1934 in Mexico, he shared an exhibition with Manuel Álvarez Bravo. Editing : Roger Ikhlef. Cartier-Bresson would be assigned to India and China. Maria Eisner managed the Paris office and Rita Vandivert, Vandivert's wife, managed the New York office and became Magnum's first president. During conscription he read Conrad's Heart of Darkness. More information is also available about the film collection and the Circulating Film and Video Library. Capa fled political repression in Hungary when he was a teenager, moving to … He explained, "I suddenly understood that a photograph could fix eternity in an instant."[13]. But, although he knew the concepts, he couldn't express them; dissatisfied with his experiments, he destroyed most of his early paintings. 2013×1427 JPG . [11] He survived by shooting game and selling it to local villagers. He is credited with "inventing" photojournalism. He returned to drawing, mainly using pencil, pen and ink,[26] and to painting. Later in the US, USSR, Australia and Japan. After World War II (most of which he spent as a prisoner of war) and his first museum show (at MoMA in 1947), he joined Robert Capa and others in founding the Magnum photo agency, which enabled photojournalists to reach a broad audience through magazines such as Life while retaining control over their work. Henri Cartier-Bresson is one of the finest image makers of our time. During the Battle of France, in June 1940 at St. Dié in the Vosges Mountains, he was captured by German soldiers and spent 35 months in prisoner-of-war camps doing forced labor under the Nazis. In 1952, Cartier-Bresson published his book Images à la sauvette, whose English-language edition was titled The Decisive Moment, although the French language title actually translates as "images on the sly" or "hastily taken images",[19][20][21] Images à la sauvette included a portfolio of 126 of his photos from the East and the West. Running time 21 minutes. If you would like to reproduce text from a MoMA publication or moma.org, please email [email protected]. Henri Cartier-Bresson: The Modern Century. 1969–70: Impressions of California. Black and white. That is the moment the photographer is creative," he said. Once you miss it, it is gone forever."[23]. Running time: 21 minutes. For more than 25 years, he was the keenest observer of the global theater of human affairs—and one of the great portraitists of the 20th century. French visionary Henri Cartier-Bresson gave the world some of the most indelible images of twentieth-century life. Henri Cartier-Bresson (French: [kaʁtje bʁɛsɔ̃]; August 22, 1908 â€“ August 3, 2004) was a French humanist photographer considered a master of candid photography, and an early user of 35 mm film. Between 1937 and 1939, Cartier-Bresson worked as a photographer for the French Communists' evening paper, Ce Soir. Like 0 0 Black and white. Julien Levy Gallery", "The Photographs of Henri Cartier Bresson", "Henri Cartier-Bresson Paris Exhibition - Louvre - Life 1955", "TOGETHER, PHOTOGRAPHY THE COLLECTIONS OF THE MAISON EUROPÉENNE DE LA PHOTOGRAPHIE", "APROPOS USSR (1954–1973)Henri Cartier-Bresson", "Past photographic exhibitions and displays", "An Instinct For Decisive Moments; A Show and a Foundation Honor Cartier-Bresson", "Henri Cartier-Bresson: The Modern Century", "xhibition Review: ICP Explores Photography in Four New Exhibitions", "Ascot Photograph - Henri Cartier-Bresson", "Henri Cartier-Bresson French, 1908–2004", "Henri Cartier-Bresson | Magnum Consortium", "Beaumont Newhall Henri Cartier-Bresson, New York", "Award Recipients - Henri Cartier-Bresson", http://www.rps.org/about/awards/history-and-recipients/honorary-fellowships, The Cultural Award of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Photographie (DGPh), "Henri Cartier-Bresson Hasselblad Award Winner 1982", "Henri Cartier-Bresson Scrapbook, 2006 Nadar Award", Special Report: Henri Cartier-Bresson (1908–2004), Tête à Tête: Portraits by Henri Cartier-Bresson at the National Portrait Gallery, Washington DC, Henri Cartier-Bresson at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY, Henri Cartier-Bresson (1908 – 2004): When photography becomes art, John Berger pays tribute to his good friend, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Henri_Cartier-Bresson&oldid=990924181, French military personnel of World War II, World War II prisoners of war held by Germany, Articles lacking reliable references from June 2015, All Wikipedia articles needing clarification, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from June 2015, Articles with disputed statements from June 2015, Articles needing additional references from May 2016, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TePapa identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Grand Prix National de la Photographie in 1981. In the beginning, he did not photograph much in his native France. 1956: A Travers le Monde avec Henri Cartier-Bresson. Movies In Theaters; Movie Actors and Actresses; Education: Studied painting with Jean Cottenet and Jacques-Emile Blanche, 1922-23, and with Andre Lhote, Paris France, 1927-28; studied painting and literature at Cambridge University, 1928-29. From hunting, he learned methods which he later used in photography. [33], Cartier-Bresson's photographs were also influential in the development of cinéma vérité film. He said: "Photographier: c'est dans un même instant et en une fraction de seconde reconnaître un fait et l'organisation rigoureuse de formes perçues visuellement qui expriment et signifient ce fait" ("To me, photography is the simultaneous recognition, in a fraction of a second, of the significance of an event as well as of a precise organization of forms which give that event its proper expression.").[22]. Running time: 32 minutes and 37 seconds. He died on August 2, 2004 in l'Ile-sur-Sorgue, Vaucluse, France. In photography, the smallest thing can be a great subject. Magnum aimed to use photography in the service of humanity, and provided arresting, widely viewed images. Cartier-Bresson withdrew as a principal of Magnum (which still distributes his photographs) in 1966 to concentrate on portraiture and landscapes. The two men both had an interest in photography, and Harry presented Henri with his first camera. In 1943, he dug up his beloved Leica camera, which he had buried in farmland near Vosges. His photographs were first exhibited at the Julien Levy Gallery in New York in 1933, and subsequently at the Ateneo Club in Madrid. Henri Cartier-Bresson was born on August 22, 1908. If you notice an error, please contact us at [email protected]. Cartier-Bresson worked exclusively in black and white, other than a few unsuccessful attempts in color. No longer bound by a 4×5 press camera or a medium format twin-lens reflex camera, miniature-format cameras gave Cartier-Bresson what he called "the velvet hand...the hawk's eye. MoMA’s retrospective, the first in the United States in three decades, surveys Cartier-Bresson’s entire career, with a presentation of about 300 photographs, mostly arranged thematically and supplemented with periodicals and books. Cartier-Bresson was second assistant director to Jean Renoir in 1936 for La vie est à nous and Une partie de campagne, and in 1939 for La Règle du Jeu. Black and white. "[5], In 1929, Cartier-Bresson's air squadron commandant placed him under house arrest for hunting without a licence. [12], Returning to France, Cartier-Bresson recuperated in Marseille in late 1931 and deepened his relationship with the Surrealists. Die, in the Vosges Mountains. To find out more, including which third-party cookies we place and how to manage cookies, see our privacy policy. The two had much in common culturally. During the Spanish civil war, Cartier-Bresson co-directed an anti-fascist film with Herbert Kline, to promote the Republican medical services. He became the first Western photographer to photograph "freely" in the post-war Soviet Union. Short film directed by Martine Franck for Amnesty International. Cartier-Bresson attended École Fénelon, a Catholic school that prepared students for the Lycée Condorcet. But many of his most renowned photographs, such as Behind the Gare Saint-Lazare, are of seemingly unimportant moments of ordinary daily life. [5] He insisted that his prints be left uncropped so as to include a few millimeters of the unexposed negative around the image area, resulting in a black frame around the developed picture. Director: Annick Alexandre. In the precise functioning of the mechanical object perhaps there is an unconscious compensation for the anxieties and uncertainties of daily endeavor. HENRI CARTIER-BRESSON . He had four siblings. Henri Cartier-Bresson was born in Chanteloup-en-Brie, Seine-et-Marne, France, the oldest of five children. 1938 Avec la brigade Abraham Lincoln en Espagne, Henri Cartier-Bresson ja Herbert Kline. Nevertheless, Snow was the first American editor to publish Cartier-Bresson's photographs in a magazine. Although Cartier-Bresson became frustrated with Lhote's "rule-laden" approach to art, the rigorous theoretical training later helped him identify and resolve problems of artistic form and composition in photography. Cartier-Bresson’s photo-study Europeans presented a portrait of the continent, documenting a landscape shadowed by the war. Although he took many famous portraits, his face was little known to the world at large. [7] In 1930 he was conscripted into the French Army and stationed at Le Bourget near Paris, a time about which he later remarked: "And I had quite a hard time of it, too, because I was toting Joyce under my arm and a Lebel rifle on my shoulder. Travelling across Europe, from the Scandinavian shield to the Irish bogs, the photographer looked beyond nationalism to find a shared human experience and a greater, more unifying sense of European identity. [35] He often wrapped black tape around the camera's chrome body to make it less conspicuous. Generous support is provided by The Robert Mapplethorpe Foundation, David Solo, an anonymous donor, and contributors to the 2017 Exhibitions Fund. In 1940 he was captured by the Germans and spent three years in prisoner-of-war camps before escaping to join the Paris underground. Born August 22, 1908, in Chanteloup, Seine-et-Marne, France; died August 3, 2004, in I'lle-sur-Sorgue, France; married Ratna Mohini (a dancer), 1937 (marriage ended); married Martine Franck (a photographer), 1970; children: one daughter. Cartier-Bresson applied this to his photographic style. Young Henri took holiday snapshots with a Box Brownie; he later experimented with a 3×4 inch view camera. His photographs impart spontaneous instances with meaning, mystery, and humor in terms of precise visual organization, and his work, although tremendously difficult to imitate, has influenced many other photographers. 1972 Les Rencontres d'Arles festival. That project has concluded, and works are now being identified by MoMA staff. 1938: L’Espagne Vivra. Born in 1908, he studied painting before embarking on a career in photography in the 1930s. The Moment! By visiting our website or transacting with us, you agree to this. Another iconic Cartier-Bresson decisive moment. When World War II broke out in September 1939, Cartier-Bresson joined the French Army as a Corporal in the Film and Photo unit. Original music score by. 1963: Midlands at Play and at Work. "Oop! Born in Chanteloup-en-Brie, Seine-et-Marne, Henri Cartier-Bresson developed a strong fascination with painting early on, and particularly with Surrealism.In 1932, after spending a year in the Ivory Coast, he discovered the Leica – his camera of choice after that moment – … He focused on the new monarch's adoring subjects lining the London streets, and took no pictures of the king. He denied that the term "art" applied to his photographs. Cartier-Bresson said, "He used the informal 'tu', which usually meant you were about to get a good thrashing. The book's cover was drawn by Henri Matisse. [4] The proctor caught him reading a book by Rimbaud or Mallarmé, and reprimanded him, "Let's have no disorder in your studies!". [11], Two years after Harry Crosby died by suicide, Cartier-Bresson's affair with Caresse Crosby ended in 1931, leaving him broken-hearted. He was raised in traditional French bourgeois fashion, and was required to address his parents with formal vous rather than tu. The exhibition is supported by The William Randolph Hearst Endowment Fund. While still feverish, he sent instructions to his grandfather for his own funeral, asking to be buried in Normandy, at the edge of the Eawy Forest while Debussy's String Quartet was played. He believed in composing his photographs in the viewfinder, not in the darkroom. Renoir made Cartier-Bresson act so he could understand how it felt to be on the other side of the camera. Cartier-Bresson also studied painting with society portraitist Jacques Émile Blanche. He was the eldest son born to a wealthy family. Cartier-Bresson died in Céreste (Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, France)[27] on August 3, 2004, aged 95. Cartier-Bresson spent more than three decades on assignment for Life and other journals. His mother came from a family of landowners and cotton merchants. Running time: 23 minutes and 20 seconds. His photo credit read "Cartier", as he was hesitant to use his full family name. A proud owner of a Box Brownie, Henri would take snapshots during his school holidays. [3] The Cartier-Bresson family lived in a bourgeois neighborhood in Paris, Rue de Lisbonne, near Place de l'Europe and Parc Monceau. In the decade following the war, Cartier-Bresson produced major bodies of photographic reportage on India and Indonesia at the time of independence, China during the revolution, the Soviet Union after Stalin’s death, the United States during the postwar boom, and Europe as its old cultures confronted modern realities. Running time: 22 minutes and 25 seconds. Color. Lhote took his pupils to the Louvre to study classical artists and to Paris galleries to study contemporary art. Browse upcoming and past auction lots by Henri Cartier-Bresson. [16] From China, he went on to Dutch East Indies (Indonesia), where he documented the gaining of independence from the Dutch. In 2018–19, MoMA collaborated with Google Arts & Culture Lab on a project using machine learning to identify artworks in installation photos. He admitted that perhaps he had said all he could through photography. 1975 Galerie Bischofberger, Zurich, Switzerland, 1980 Photographs, Art Institute of Chicago, 1980 Portraits – Galerie Eric Franck, Geneva, Switzerland, 1981 Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, France, 1982 Hommage à Henri Cartier-Bresson – Centre National de la Photographie, Palais de Tokyo, Paris, 1984–1985 Paris à vue d’œil – Musée Carnavalet, Paris, 1985 Henri Cartier-Bresson en Inde – Centre National de la Photographie, Palais de Tokyo, Paris, 1985 Museo de Arte Moderno de México, Mexico, 1986 Pavillon d'Arte contemporanea, Milan, Italy, 1987 Early Photographs – Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1988 Palais Lichtenstein, Vienna, Austria, 1988 Group exhibition: "Magnum en Chine" at, 1989 Chapelle de l'École des Beaux-Arts, Paris, 1989 Mannheimer Kunstverein, Mannheim, Germany (drawings and photography), 1991 Taipei Fine Arts Museum, Taiwan (drawings and photographs), 1992 Centro de Exposiciones, Saragossa and Logrono, Spain, 1992 Hommage à Henri Cartier-Bresson – International Center of Photography, New York, 1993 Photo Dessin – Dessin Photo, Arles, France. 1969: Québec vu par Cartier-Bresson / Le Québec as seen by Cartier-Bresson. The Tata Era / L'Epoque Tata. From 1928 to 1929, Cartier-Bresson studied art, literature, and English at the University of Cambridge, where he became bilingual. He married Magnum photographer Martine Franck, thirty years younger than himself, in 1970. In 1950, Cartier-Bresson had traveled to the South India. Margot Shore, Magnum's Paris bureau chief, translated Cartier-Bresson's French preface into English. He gave the book its French title, Images à la Sauvette, loosely translated as "images on the run" or "stolen images." 1972: The Face of Asia. He did recall that he once confided his innermost secrets to a Paris taxi driver, certain that he would never meet the man again. Lincoln Kirstein and Beaumont Newhall wrote the book's text. 1971 Les Rencontres d'Arles festival. ‘That work took him all around the globe to every conceivable walk of life. Toward the end of the War, rumors had reached America that Cartier-Bresson had been killed. "Flagrant Délit " (Production Delpire) screened at Théatre Antique. In France, he worked for the underground, aiding other escapees and working secretly with other photographers to cover the Occupation and then the Liberation of France. Text by François Nourissier. [9]:163[10] Crosby later said Cartier-Bresson "looked like a fledgling, shy and frail, and mild as whey." Cartier-Bresson met American expatriate Harry Crosby at Le Bourget, who persuaded the commandant to release Cartier-Bresson into his custody for a few days. He is perhaps the most significant and influential photographer of the twentieth century. The exhibition is organized by Peter Galassi, Chief Curator, Department of Photography. "There is a creative fraction of a second when you are taking a picture. Ottawa, 1988. coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Henri Cartier-Bresson, Whose "Decisive Moment" Shaped Modern Photography", "Henri Cartier-Bresson, Artist Who Used Lens, Dies at 95", "Henri Cartier-Bresson | French photographer", "Henri Cartier-Bresson: Living and Looking", "Henri Cartier-Bresson biography - inspiringpeople.us", "Savitri Era Devotees: Hidden Cartier-Bresson images exhibited for first time", A Warm Kiss: Cartier-Bresson Speaks in “The Decisive Moment”, Timekeepers: How the World Became Obsessed With Time, "Revealed: the undeveloped art of Henri Cartier-Bresson", "Legendary Photojournalist Cartier-Bresson Is Buried in South of France", "Accueil - Fondation Henri Cartier-Bresson", "Martine Franck comes into focus at Fondation Henri Cartier-Bresson's new Paris space", "A New Home for the Fondation Henri Cartier-Bresson in Paris", "Cartier-Bresson: Mourning the Hawk's Eye", "Henri Cartier-Bresson – A Decisive Moment in Time", "Best of the Best: Henri Cartier-Bresson - Lomography", "1933. Cartier-Bresson's interest in modern art was combined with an admiration for the works of the Renaissance masters: Jan van Eyck, Paolo Uccello, Masaccio, Piero della Francesca. [5] Color. Black and white. The photo Rue Mouffetard, Paris, taken in 1954, has since become a classic example of Cartier-Bresson’s ability to capture a decisive moment. Rodger, who had quit Life in London after covering World War II, would cover Africa and the Middle East. Running time: 43 minutes and 32 seconds. 1965–1967 2nd retrospective, Tokyo, Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris, New York, London, Amsterdam, Rome, Zurich, Cologne and other cities. He is known for his work on The Rules of the Game (1939), L'Espagne vivra (1939) and La vie est à nous (1936). What's up guys! Robert Capa (born Endre Ernő Friedmann; October 22, 1913 – May 25, 1954) was a Hungarian-American war photographer and photojournalist as well as the companion and professional partner of photographer Gerda Taro.He is considered by some to be the greatest combat and adventure photographer in history. Text by Henri Cartier-Bresson. [31] In 2018, the foundation relocated[32] from the Montparnasse district to Le Marais. He never published the images but referred to them as 'my only superstition' as he considered it a 'baptism' of the lens.[38]. Produced by Capa Télévision. At the end of the war he was asked by the American Office of War Information to make a documentary, Le Retour (The Return) about returning French prisoners and displaced persons. Centre Pompidou 75191 Paris cedex 04 telephone/00 33 (0)1 44 78 12 33 metro/Hôtel de Ville, Rambuteau Credit: Cartier-Bresson He was buried in the local cemetery nearby in Montjustin[28]and was survived by his wife, Martine Franck, and daughter, Mélanie.[29]. He pioneered the genre of street photography, and viewed photography as capturing a decisive moment.[1]. Available for sale from Huxley-Parlour, Henri Cartier-Bresson, Saturday In The Synagogue, Leningrad, Russia (1973), Silver Gelatin Print, printed 1980s, 11… Running time: 6 minutes and 15 seconds. He showcased this belief by having nearly all his photographs printed only at full-frame and completely free of any cropping or other darkroom manipulation. His mother's family were cotton merchants and landowners from Normandy, where Henri spent part of his childhood. Documentary on prisoners of war and detainees. No cause of death was announced. 1967: Flagrants délits. But he went on, 'You're going to read in my office.' Produced by the Canadian Film Board. Germany, World War II, Henri Cartier-Bresson - Image #22596. The anonymity that the small camera gave him in a crowd or during an intimate moment was essential in overcoming the formal and unnatural behavior of those who were aware of being photographed. He shared display space with fellow photographers Walker Evans and Manuel Álvarez Bravo. 1969: Man and Machine. Henri Cartier-Bresson (French: [kaʁtje bʁɛsɔ̃]; August 22, 1908 – August 3, 2004) was a French humanist photographer considered a master of candid photography, and an early user of 35 mm film. Lots 64 and 65 were photographed by Henri Cartier-Bresson at a transit camp located in Dessau, Germany between the American and Soviet zones. He covered the last six months of the Kuomintang administration and the first six months of the Maoist People's Republic. Cartier-Bresson also helped Renoir make a film for the Communist party on the 200 families, including his own, who ran France. Produced by ABC Television, London. 1963–65: Five fifteen-minute films on Germany for the Süddeutscher Rundfunk, Munich. Documentary on the hospitals of Republican Spain: Running time: 49 minutes. He had visited Tiruvannamalai, a town in the Indian State of Tamil Nadu and photographed the last moments of Ramana Maharishi, Sri Ramana Ashram and its surroundings. Henri Cartier-Bresson (August 22, 1908 – August 3, 2004) was a French photographer who spent a considerable part of his career working from the United States.He was an early adopter of 35 mm format, enjoying the ease with which he could use the small Leica camera to take photographs unobtrusively. Henri Cartier-Bresson was the world’s greatest documentary photographer and a master of candid photography. With fast black and white film and sharp lenses, he was able to photograph events unnoticed. In 2003, he created the Henri Cartier-Bresson Foundation in Paris with his wife, the Belgian photographer Martine Franck and his daughter to preserve and share his legacy. Cartier-Bresson was born in Chanteloup, near Paris, on Aug. 22, 1908. "Photography is not like painting," Cartier-Bresson told the Washington Post in 1957. Black and white. Embracing the open sexuality offered by Crosby and his wife Caresse, Cartier-Bresson fell into an intense sexual relationship with her that lasted until 1931. 1991: Contre l'oubli : Lettre à Mamadou Bâ, Mauritanie. Transit camps, such as this, were organized as the war concluded for the millions of displaced persons, including freed … In 1927 Cartier-Bresson entered a private art school and the Lhote Academy, the Parisian studio of the Cubist painter and sculptor André Lhote. Dessureault, Pierre. Cartier-Bresson's photography took him to many places, including China, Mexico, Canada, the United States, India, Japan, Portugal and the Soviet Union. The following had the privilege to acquire the “Master Collection” – 385 prints chosen in 1979 by Henri Cartier-Bresson: Capturing those spontaneous street scenes. He met a number of the movement's leading protagonists, and was drawn to the Surrealist movement's technique of using the subconscious and the immediate to influence their work. This record is a work in progress. In any case, people think far too much about techniques and not enough about seeing. Through Chim, Cartier-Bresson met a Hungarian photographer named Endré Friedmann, who later changed his name to Robert Capa.[14]. Documentary on the Spanish Civil War and the post-war period. Running time: 2 minutes and 33 seconds. The Leica opened up new possibilities in photography—the ability to capture the world in its actual state of movement and transformation. The Surrealist movement, founded in 1924, was a catalyst for this paradigm shift[vague]. Download in printable version (pdf, 2.03 MB ) Henri Cartier-Bresson’s work is in the collections of museums throughout the world. His father worked as a textile manufacturer. “Henri Cartier-Bresson: India in Full-Frame” is organized by the Rubin Museum of Art in collaboration with Magnum Photos and the Henri Cartier-Bresson Foundation. Our site uses technology that is not supported by your browser, so it may not work correctly. Color. Movies screened at Théatre Antique. Black and white. Cartier-Bresson retired from photography in the early 1970s, and by 1975 no longer took pictures other than an occasional private portrait; he said he kept his camera in a safe at his house and rarely took it out. But the painting lessons were cut short when uncle Louis was killed in World War I. A full and vital life. His father was a wealthy textile manufacturer, whose Cartier-Bresson thread was a staple of French sewing kits. In particular, he is credited as the inspiration for the National Film Board of Canada's early work in this genre with its 1958 Candid Eye series. There he visited Nuoro, Oliena, Orgosolo Mamoiada Desulo, Orosei, Cala Gonone, Orani (hosted by his friend Costantino Nivola), San Leonardo di Siete Fuentes, and Cagliari.[24]. Lhote's ambition was to integrate the Cubists' approach to reality with classical artistic forms; he wanted to link the French classical tradition of Nicolas Poussin and Jacques-Louis David to Modernism. 12 FEBRUARY - 9 JUNE 2014 GALERIE 2 , level 6. [34], Cartier-Bresson almost always used a Leica 35 mm rangefinder camera fitted with a normal 50 mm lens, or occasionally a wide-angle lens for landscapes. During the Second World War he was captured by the Germans, in 1940, at St. With his Leica camera, French photographer Henri Cartier-Bresson traveled the world, recording the images he saw. He enhanced his anonymity by painting all shiny parts of the Leica with black paint. Please, The International Council of The Museum of Modern Art Exhibition Gallery. This is a photo of Mexican prostitutes. Magnum's mission was to "feel the pulse" of the times and some of its first projects were People Live Everywhere, Youth of the World, Women of the World and The Child Generation. [25] The couple had a daughter, Mélanie, in May 1972. Titled Three Boys at Lake Tanganyika, this captured the freedom, grace and spontaneity of their movement and their joy at being alive. He traveled without bounds, documenting some of the great upheavals of the 20th century — the Spanish Civil War, the liberation of Paris in 1944, the fall of the Kuomintang in China to the communists, the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi, the May 1968 events in Paris, the Berlin Wall. If you would like to publish text from MoMA’s archival materials, please fill out this permission form and send to [email protected]. His mother was descended from Charlotte Corday. Directed by Robert Delpire. Henri Cartier-Bresson was born on August 22, 1908 in Chanteloup, France. His film on returning war refugees (released in the United States in 1947) spurred a retrospective of his work at the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) instead of the posthumous show that MoMA had been preparing. Both titles came from Tériade, the Greek-born French publisher whom Cartier-Bresson admired. In Shanghai, he often worked in the company of photojournalist Sam Tata, whom Cartier-Bresson had previously befriended in Bombay. He also photographed the last surviving Imperial eunuchs in Beijing, as the city was falling to the communists. They saw that ordinary photographs, especially when uprooted from their practical functions, contain a wealth of unintended, unpredictable meanings.[6]. Vandivert, who had also left Life, would work in America, and Capa would work anywhere that had an assignment. When he accepted an honorary degree from Oxford University in 1975, he held a paper in front of his face to avoid being photographed. [17] A few days later he also visited and photographed Sri Aurobindo, Mother and Sri Aurobindo Ashram, Pondicherry.[18]. The little human detail can become a leitmotiv. During the Battle of France , in June 1940 at St. Dié in the Vosges Mountains, he was captured by German soldiers and spent 35 months in prisoner-of-war camps doing forced labor under the Nazis. He held his first exhibition in France at the Pavillon de Marsan in the Louvre Museum in 1955. 1992: Henri Cartier-Bresson dessins et photos. His humane, spontaneous photographs helped establish photojournalism as an art form. On the Côte d'Ivoire, he contracted blackwater fever, which nearly killed him. When he returned to France, Cartier-Bresson applied for a job with renowned French film director Jean Renoir. Cartier-Bresson lived almost a century, spanning virtually all of the 20th. Henri Cartier-Bresson, Assistant Director: La règle du jeu. Henri Cartier-Bresson has intuitively chronicled decisive moments of human life around the world with poetic documentary style. 1944–45: Le Retour. Welcome back to my channel. Restless, he photographed in Berlin, Brussels, Warsaw, Prague, Budapest and Madrid. 1969–70: Southern Exposures. 1994 "Henri Cartier-Bresson, point d'interrogation" by Sarah Moon screened at Rencontres d'Arles festival, France. Chim, who spoke a variety of European languages, would work in Europe. For his 4,500-word philosophical preface, Cartier-Bresson took his keynote text from the 17th century Cardinal de Retz who said: “There is nothing in this world that does not have a decisive moment”. Canadian Museum of Contemporary Photography. Your eye must see a composition or an expression that life itself offers you, and you must know with intuition when to click the camera. The camera for us is a tool, not a pretty mechanical toy. For his 4,500-word philosophical preface, Cartier-Bresson took his keynote text from the 17th century Cardinal de Retz, "Il n'y a rien dans ce monde qui n'ait un moment decisif" ("There is nothing in this world that does not have a decisive moment"). He became inspired by a 1930 photograph by Hungarian photojournalist Martin Munkacsi showing three naked young African boys, caught in near-silhouette, running into the surf of Lake Tanganyika. Henri Cartier-Bresson was born on August 22, 1908 in Chanteloup-en-Brie, Seine-et-Marne, France. If you have additional information or spotted an error, please send feedback to [email protected]. Cartier-Bresson is regarded as one of the art world's most unassuming personalities. In 1962, on behalf of Vogue, he went to Sardinia for about twenty days. Directed by Jean-Marie Drot and Henri Cartier-Bresson. The show debuted in 1947 together with the publication of his first book, The Photographs of Henri Cartier-Bresson. In 1968, he began to turn away from photography and return to his passion for drawing and painting. His photography career began when he was a small boy. Cartier-Bresson did for photography what Picasso did for painting. Additional funding is provided by The Robert Mapplethorpe Foundation, Robert B. Menschel, and Marie-Josée and Henry Kravis. [11] They lived in a fourth-floor servants' flat in Paris at 19, rue Neuve-des-Petits-Champs (now rue Danielle Casanova), a large studio with a small bedroom, kitchen, and bathroom where Cartier-Bresson developed film. Henri also sketched. His third escape was successful and he hid on a farm in Touraine before getting false papers that allowed him to travel in France. Cartier-Bresson's first photojournalist photos to be published came in 1937 when he covered the coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth,[15] for the French weekly Regards. In early 1947, Cartier-Bresson, with Robert Capa, David Seymour, William Vandivert and George Rodger founded Magnum Photos. This gave him the idea of escaping and finding adventure on the Côte d'Ivoire in French colonial Africa. [37] Technical aspects of photography were valid for him only where they allowed him to express what he saw: Constant new discoveries in chemistry and optics are widening considerably our field of action. Cartier-Bresson applied this idea to his photographic style. Carmel Snow of Harper's Bazaar gave him a fashion assignment, but he fared poorly since he had no idea how to direct or interact with the models. "Henri Cartier-Bresson, point d'interrogation" by Sarah Moon, screened at Rencontres d'Arles festival in 1994, 1955 Retrospektive – Musée des Arts décoratifs, Paris. Cartier-Bresson was one of the founding members of Magnum Photos in 1947. ‘Cartier-Bresson was working before television took over, when people saw the world through the eyes of the magazines,’ says Peter Galassi, curator of the 2010 MoMA retrospective, Henri Cartier-Bresson: The Modern Century. Cartier-Bresson traveled to the United States in 1935 with an invitation to exhibit his work at New York's Julien Levy Gallery. Grossman Publisher, New York. He acquired the Leica camera with 50 mm lens in Marseilles that would accompany him for many years. 1970 : France. Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com: accessed ), memorial page for Henri Cartier-Bresson (22 Aug 1908–2 Aug 2004), Find a Grave Memorial no. Exhibition. In 1934, Cartier-Bresson met a young Polish intellectual, a photographer named David Szymin who was called "Chim" because his name was difficult to pronounce. 9268330, citing Cimetière de Montjustin, Montjustin, Departement des Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France ; Maintained by Find A Grave . Apr 11–Jun 28, 2010. Capa's brainchild, Magnum was a cooperative picture agency owned by its members. [39] He disliked publicity and exhibited a ferocious shyness since his days of hiding from the Nazis during World War II. Although Cartier-Bresson took a portable camera (smaller than a Brownie Box) to Côte d'Ivoire, only seven photographs survived the tropics. The team split photo assignments among the members. For licensing motion picture film footage it is advised to apply directly to the copyright holders. [8] They spent their time together taking and printing pictures at Crosby's home, Le Moulin du Soleil (The Sun Mill), near Paris in Ermenonville, France. Text by Henri Cartier-Bresson. The exhibition travels to The Art Institute of Chicago, the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (SFMOMA), and the High Museum of Art, Atlanta. Cartier-Bresson matured artistically in this stormy cultural and political atmosphere. A governess called "Miss Kitty" who came from across the Channel, instilled in him the love of - and competence in - the English language. Cartier-Bresson believed that what went on beneath the surface was nobody's business but his own. Enter your location to see which movie theaters are playing Henri Cartier-Bresson and the Spanish Civil War: Program 2 near you. And along the way he paused to document portraits of Camus, Picasso, Colette, Matisse, Pound and Giacometti. While in New York, he met photographer Paul Strand, who did camerawork for the Depression-era documentary The Plow That Broke the Plains. With Chim and Capa, Cartier-Bresson was a leftist, but he did not join the French Communist party. After trying to learn music, Cartier-Bresson was introduced to oil painting by his uncle Louis, a gifted painter. His father assumed that his son would take up the family business, but Henri was strong-willed and also feared this prospect. If you would like to reproduce an image of a work of art in MoMA’s collection, or an image of a MoMA publication or archival material (including installation views, checklists, and press releases), please contact Art Resource (publication in North America) or Scala Archives (publication in all other geographic locations). The historian Peter Galassi explains: The Surrealists approached photography in the same way that Aragon and Breton...approached the street: with a voracious appetite for the usual and unusual...The Surrealists recognized in plain photographic fact an essential quality that had been excluded from prior theories of photographic realism. Motion picture film stills or motion picture footage from films in MoMA’s Film Collection cannot be licensed by MoMA/Scala. IBM World Trade Corporation, New York. During this period, he read Dostoevsky, Schopenhauer, Rimbaud, Nietzsche, Mallarmé, Freud, Proust, Joyce, Hegel, Engels and Marx. Szymin later changed his name to David Seymour. Black and white. His inventive work of the early 1930s helped define the creative potential of modern photography, and his uncanny ability to capture life on the run made his work synonymous with “the decisive moment”—the title of his first major book. Henri Cartier-Bresson (1908–2004) is one of the most original, accomplished, influential, and beloved figures in the history of photography. He twice tried and failed to escape from the prison camp, and was punished by solitary confinement. Dick Simon of Simon & Schuster came up with the English title The Decisive Moment. Credit: Cartier-Bresson Cartier-Bresson traveled widely and shot photos all over the world. Henri Cartier-Bresson exhibits at the Ateneo de Madrid", "Henri Cartier-Bresson - USA. Cartier-Bresson's work is held in the following public collections: Films compiled from photographs by Cartier-Bresson. Cartier-Bresson was second assistant director to Jean Renoir in 1936 for La vie est à nous and Une partie de campagne, and in 1939 for La Règle du Jeu. 1968: The World of HCB. Back in Spain, Ivens’s film documents the effects of the Civil War in Madrid and the … Cartier-Bresson achieved international recognition for his coverage of Gandhi's funeral in India in 1948 and the last stage of the Chinese Civil War in 1949. In the 1920s, schools of photographic realism were popping up throughout Europe but each had a different view on the direction photography should take. Viking Press, New York. Black and white. 1937: Victoire de la vie. It would be years before he photographed there extensively. Cartier-Bresson did not like to be photographed and treasured his privacy. The book’s cover was drawn by Henri Matisse. Cartier-Bresson began socializing with the Surrealists at the Café Cyrano, in the Place Blanche. Cartier-Bresson's work spanned photographic genres for the entirety of his long career. Cartier-Bresson regarded Lhote as his teacher of "photography without a camera.". 1997: Série "100 photos du siècle": L'Araignée d'amour: broadcast by Arte. By visiting our website or transacting with us, you agree to this. All requests to license audio or video footage produced by MoMA should be addressed to Scala Archives at [email protected]. Henri Cartier-Bresson (1908–2004) is one of the most original, accomplished, influential, and beloved figures in the history of photography. He held his first exhibition of drawings at the Carlton Gallery in New York in 1975. Running time : 19 minutes. View Paris, World War II, Liberation 24-25 augusti 1944 by Henri Cartier-Bresson on artnet. [dubious – discuss] He disliked developing or making his own prints[5] and showed a considerable lack of interest in the process of photography in general, likening photography with the small camera to an "instant drawing". He is regarded as a pioneer of candid and street photography but he is also well-known for having produced some of the most compelling photographic portraits of notables ranging from Jean-Paul Sartre and Leonard Bernstein to Marilyn Monroe and Malcolm X. Well, that wasn't an offer he had to repeat."[5]. 1994 Dessins et premières photos – La Caridad, Barcelona, Spain, 1995 Dessins et Hommage à Henri Cartier-Bresson – CRAC (Centre Régional d’Art Contemporain) Valence, Drome, France, 1996 Henri Cartier-Bresson: Pen, Brush and Cameras – The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, US, 1997 Les Européens – Maison Européenne de la Photographie, Paris, 1997 Henri Cartier-Bresson, dessins – Musée des Beaux-Arts, Montreal, 1998 Galerie Löhrl, Mönchengladbach, Germany, 1998 Kunsthaus Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland, 1998 Kunstverein für die Rheinlande und Westfalen, Düsseldorf, Germany, 1998 Line by Line – Royal College of Art, London, 1998 Tête à Tête – National Portrait Gallery, London, 1998–1999 Photographien und Zeichnungen – Baukunst Galerie, Cologne, Germany, 2008 Henri Cartier-Bresson's Scrapbook Photographs 1932-46, National Media Museum, Bradford, UK, 2008 National Gallery of Modern Art, Mumbai, India, 2010 The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, 2017 Museo Botero/Banco de la Republica, Bogota Colombia, 2018 International Center of Photography, New York, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Paris, France, Foundation Henri Cartier-Bresson, Paris, France, Maison Européenne de la Photographie, Paris, France, Institute for Contemporary Photography, New York City, The Philadelphia Art Institute, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, US, Kahitsukan Kyoto Museum of Contemporary Art, Kyoto, Japan, 1954: Overseas Press Club of America Award, 1960: Overseas Press Club of America Award, 1964: Overseas Press Club of America Award, 1981: Grand Prix National de la Photographie, 2003: Lifetime Achievement Award from the, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 08:09. This, presumably, helped allow him to work on the street undisturbed. [2] In the 1970s he took up drawing—he had studied painting in the 1920s. We use our own and third-party cookies to personalize your experience and the promotions you see. He was married to Martine Franck and Ratna (Elie) Mohini. 1970 En France – Grand Palais, Paris. "[36], He never photographed with flash, a practice he saw as "impolite...like coming to a concert with a pistol in your hand."[35]. ENTER CITY, STATE OR ZIP CODE GO ... Trolls World Tour (2020) Experience + Explore. He acted in Renoir's 1936 film Partie de campagne and in the 1939 La Règle du jeu, for which he played a butler and served as second assistant. Henri Cartier-Bresson also co-founded the Magnum Photos cooperative in 1947 alongside contemporaries Robert Capa, George Rodger, David Chim Seymour and William Vandivert. In composing his photographs printed only at full-frame and completely free of any cropping or other manipulation... 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