descendants of rashi

These commentaries contain, more over, a mass of valuable data regarding students of the Talmud, and the history, manners, and customs of the times in which they lived. His explanation is often the basis for all Jewish understanding of the scriptures and legal principles in Judaism. Aharon's Descendants (3:1-4) Verses 1-4, which chronicle Aharon's descendants, are problematic, since: They appear to teach us nothing that we do not already know. Two of the most famous stories concern his conception and birth: Rashi's parents were childless for many years. It is a feminine sign and archetype as a mother. M. Lib. Rashi provided a simple explanation of all Gemarra discussions. This is perhaps the best place to understand the traditional Jewish ideas and philosophies in the Bible. על פי הידע הרב שהוא מפגין בנוגע לגידול גפנים וההרחבה היתרה שהוא נוקט במקומות הקשורים להם, היו ששיערו שהתפרנס מגידול כרמים או ממסחר ביין, אך לדברי הרב חיים סולובייצ'יק האקלים באזורו של רש"י לא התאים לגידול יין, ואם כן לא ברור במה עסק. Left France between 1285 and 1314 [10] Shlomo [11] Miriam m. And here’s how we make the subsequent leaps: Derivative to primary: The Spira/Shapira family traces back to Shmuel Shapira (b.1345), who descended from Rashi’s grandson, Isaac (1090-1130), better known as the Ribam, another famous rabbi whose works … A list of general rules to which he conforms and which may be found in his Biblical commentaries presents the rudiments of an introduction to the Bible, resembling the collection of principles formulated by him in his commentaries on the Talmud and constituting an admirable Talmudic methodology. The name of Yarḥi, applied to him as early as the sixteenth century, originated in a confusion of Solomon bar Isaac with one Solomon de Lunel, and a further error caused the town of Lunel to be regarded as Rashi's birthplace. It is not difficult to retransliterate them into French, as they are transcribed according to a definite system, despite frequent corruptions by the copyists. כך, בתחילת מסכת בבא בתרא (דף כט) נקטע פירושו, ומשם המשיך נכדו רשב"ם את הפירוש. Shmuel TREIVISH, father of, Samuel Abraham BALLIN (d. 4 April 1622 Worm), married. Rashi's commentary on the treatise Berakot was printed with the text at Soncino in 1483. Zunz, Salomon b. Isaac, Genannt Raschi, in Zeitschrift für die Wissenschaft des Judenthums, 1823, pp. During the puja in the Modi house, Savita mocks Urmila for Rashi not starting a family yet. Even if his work is inferior in creative power to some productions of Jewish literature, it has exercised a far wider influence than any one of them. אחד מהם מספר שכאשר עסק בפירושו למסכת מכות, הגיע לדף י"ט, והספיק לכתוב את המילה "טהור" ואז יצאה נשמתו בטהרה. Both beginners and advanced students of the Bible rely on Rashi’s groundbreaking commentary for simple text explanations and Midrashic interpretations. 29 by Rabbi Solomon Luria, makes no such claim either. Rashi's daughter Miriam married Judah ben Nathan; their daughter, named Alvina, was a learned woman whose customs served as the basis for later halakhic decisions. The original printed Bible text by Daniel Bomberg in 1517 included Rashi's commentary. [Marcus Introduction] RABBI SOLOMON BAR ISAAC (RaSHI) of Troyes (1040-11O5) is probably the best known medieval Jewish scholar. Wiesel, a descendant of Rashi, proves a consummate guide who enables us to appreciate both the lucidity of Rashi’s writings and the tumultuous world in which they were formed. ??? President of Rabbinical Tribunal of Marseilles. Two other responsa are to be found in Judah b. Asher's "Zikron Yehudah" (pp. Although they argue strongly against many of Rashi's explanations in the Talmud, it is only with the greatest respect that they differ with him. Leadership. His work is popular among all classes of Jews because it is intrinsically Jewish. . To explain this text he endeavored to elucidate the whole, with special reference to the development and discussions of the Gemara, striving to explain the context, grammar, and etymology, as well as obscure words, and to decide the meaning and import of each opinion advanced. The fame of Rashi soon spread beyond the boundaries of northern France and the German provinces of the Rhine. Rumours exist that his daughters put on tefillin (Jewish Ritual objects). In his solutions of these Rashi shows sound judgment and much mildness. However, Rashi's father recognized that this beggar was the prophet Eliyahu and gave him the special honors reserved for important personages. למרות שרש"י, להבדיל מפרשני ימי הביניים הספרדים, לא היה איש מדע, פירושו הוא כאבן בוחן לשאר הפרשנים והוא מתבטא בהשקפה ריאלית על המקרא. Rashi wrote several Selichot (penitential poems) mourning the slaughter and the destruction of the region's great yeshivot. ; from: The Jewish Encyclopedia: RASHI (SOLOMON BAR ISAAC), By : Joseph Jacobs Morris Liber M. Seligsohn, רש"י נולד בעיר טרואה, ('טרוייש' בלשון הימים ההם) שבצפון צרפת קרוב לשנת 1040, ונפטר בשנת 1105. It is difficult to find an institution of Jewish learning today that does not learn Rashi's various explanations. [42] Yechiel TREVES, II (b. Rashi most likely exercisedthe functions of rabbi in his native city, but he seems to have depended for support chiefly on his vineyards and the manufacture of wine. Rashi sometimes translates words and entire propositions into French, these passages, written in Hebrew characters and forming an integral part of the text, being called "la'azim." A large number of manuscripts were read and much material bearing on the la'azim was collected by Arsène Darmesteter, but the work was interrupted by his death. Supposedly, the great French medieval sage Rashi (R. Shlomo Yitzchaki) traced his lineage to King David, although on a maternal line. הבכורה שבהן, יוכבד, נישאה לרבי מאיר בן שמואל ומהם נולדו ארבעה נכדים: שמואל הוא הרשב"ם, יעקב הוא רבנו תם מבעלי התוספות, הריב"ם, ושלמה שנפטר בצעירותו. His mother's brother was Rabbi Simon the Elder, community leader of Mainz. King David. עם זאת, הדעה המקובלת היום היא שאמנם לא היו "מהדורות" במובן המודרני, של כתיבת הפירוש מחדש, אך ברור שרש"י תיקן במשך ימיו את פירושו, כאשר השאלה היא רק מהי כמות השינויים והתיקונים שערך במהלך ימיו, והאם כשהתוספות מדברים על "מהדורה ראשונה" ו"מהדורה אחרונה" אין הם מדברים אלא על שינויי נוסחאות רגילים ולא על שינויים של רש"י עצמו, פירוש התוספות על התלמוד מנתח ומדייק בכל מילה המובאת ברש"י, פעמים שמסכים עם דבריו, ופעמים שחולק עליהם. d. 9 Jun. Several decisions found in the "Sefer ha-Pardes" are separately quoted as Rashi's. 111. But in the seventeenth century Joshua Höschel b. Joseph, in his "Maginne Shelomoh" (Amsterdam, 1715), a work covering several treatises, defended Rashi against the attacks of the tosafists. י, פירושיו על הנביאים והכתובים הם פשטניים אך נוטים עוד יותר למדרש, רש"י הוא המפרש העיקרי של מסכתות התלמוד הבבלי, אך ישנן מעט מסכתות שלא פירש או שפירושיו לא הגיעו אלינו, ומעט מסכתות שפירש רק את מקצתן. information on the descendants of RASHI. [44] Rabbi (TREVESIAN) Jochanan (Yahanan I) Ashkenazi ישנן מסכתות שנחלקו לגביהן החוקרים: ספקות הועלו בנוגע לפירושו למסכת מועד קטן (מעבר לפירוש הנדפס, ישנם כתבי יד של שני פירושים אחרים המיוחסים לו, ויש הטוענים שאף אחד מהם אינו שלו, ושלא כתב פירוש למסכת זו), למסכת תענית, פרק חלק במסכת סנהדרין, חלקים ממסכת זבחים ומסכת מנחות, כמו גם מסכת הוריות ותמיד בכללותן. His numerous grandsons, due to their constant use of Rashi's explanations on the Talmud and their disagreement with it, caused a great increase in the study of the Talmud and in the level of understanding. מקום קבורתו נשכח במשך הדורות, מדרשי אגדה רבים סופרו על חייו ופטירתו. Rashi Genealogy. בנושא זה ישנה מחלוקת בין קבוצת חוקרים אשר נוטה יותר לדחות פירושים המיוחסים לרש"י כאותנטיים במקרי ספק, וקבוצה אחרת הנוטה דווקא לדחוק את הספקות לרוב, פירוש רש"י על התלמוד (בדומה לפירושו על התנ"ך) מתאפיין בלשון קצרה, ברורה ומדויקת, הטומנת בחובה דרך מיוחדת בהבנת הגמרא. 1096 Ramerupt, France, However, both commentaries from Rashi and his grandsons the Baalei Tosafos on the Talmud Eruvin shows their view that such actions are not acceptable under Jewish law, even as early as the Davidic reign of ancient Israel. The responsa of Rashi throw a flood of light on the character of both their author and his period. RASHI worked at Jewish Community of Troyes as Rabbi ... "Rashi", "רש"י", "Rashi of Troyes", "Rachi", "רבי שלמה יצחקי", Rabbi, The outstanding Torah commentator of the middle ages, בעל פירוש רש"י, Rabbi and Av Beit Din, Jewish Community of Troyes, Troyes, France. The editio princeps of Rashi on the whole of the Old Testament was called "Miḳra'ot Gedolot" (ib. "You threw the gemstone into the water so it wouldn't be used for idolatry," the man told him. הוא למד אצל רבי יעקב בן יקר, רבי יצחק הלוי סג"ל ורבי יצחק בן יהודה - שלושתם מתלמידי רבנו גרשום, בתום לימודיו חזר רש"י לטרוייש והשתלב מיד בחיי החברה היהודית. In the merit of self-sacrifice, it was decreed in heaven that the special soul of Rashi should come down and be the son of this man. du Département de l'Aube, 1868, part ii., pp. In reality he was a native of Troyes, where, a century ago, butcher-shops were still shown which were built on the site of his dwelling and which flies were said never to enter. He knew and used the almost contemporary writings of Moses ha-Darshan of Narbonne and of Menahem b. Ḥelbo, of whom the former confined himself to the literal meaning of the text while the latter conceded much to the Haggadah. Details and suggested letters for Hindu Birth Rashi (Moon Sign) as per vedic astrology. This was about 40% of all the recorded Rashi's in the USA. This was 100% of all the recorded Rasi's in the USA. Pennsylvania had the highest population of Rashi families in 1920. Some were revised by the author himself, while others were written down by his pupils. Now think the scenario "what will happen if no one has any name and we have to discuss about someone in front of other people." The scholars who created these additions were called the Tosafists (Those Who Added). His commentaries contain 3,157 la'azim, forming a vocabulary of 2,000 words, a certain number of which are contained in later Hebrew-French glossaries. גם דודו, רבי שמעון הזקן, למד תורה מפי רבנו גרשום מאור הגולה באשכנז, לרש"י נולדו שלוש בנות. Geni requires JavaScript! Choose a precious name for your baby according to birth Rashi based on birth star. Rashi was the only child born to his parents, at Troyes, Champagne, northern France. where he acquired the surname Ashkenazi. Rashi is the acronym for Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki, a French Jew who was born in Troyes, a city in the north of France in 1040. They each married their father's finest students and were the mothers of the leaders of the next generation of French Talmudic scholars. Wiesel, a descendant of Rashi, proves a consummate guide who enables us to appreciate both the lucidity of Rashi’s writings and the tumultuous world in which they were formed. At the age of 17 Rashi married, and in the manner of young Torah scholars of the time, soon after went to learn in the yeshiva of Rabbi Yaakov ben Yakar in Worms, returning to his wife at the end of each semester. It is one of the greatest astrological enigmas in the zodiac circle. There is no article on Rashi that can take the place of actually learning his commentary. Tradition to the contrary notwithstanding, Rashi never made the extensive journey through Europe, Asia and Africa which have been attributed to him, and accounts of which have been embellished with details of a meeting with Maimonides and of Rashi's marriage at Prague. Throughout these persecutions the Bible and the Talmud, with the commentaries of Rashi, were their inseparable companions, and were often their supreme as well as their only solace, and the chief bond of their religious unity. חלק מהפיוטים אותם כתב נוהגים לומר האשכנזים בסליחות. These verses thus interrupt a thematic flow with seemingly unrelated details. Among the Jews themselves, in the course of the eighteenth century, such Talmudists as Joel Sirkes, Solomon Luria, and Samuel Edels brought to the study of Rashi both profound learning and critical acumen; but it was Rapoport and Weiss, by their extensive use of his writings, who created the scientific study of the Talmud. Pes. The Biblical commentaries are based on the Targumim and the Masorah, which Rashi follows, although without servile imitation. Rashbam (Shmuel) (b. These twelve Rashi are Mesha, Vrishabha, Mithuna, Karka, Simha, Kanya, Tula, Vrishchika, Dhanu, Makara, Kumbha and Meena. 131-142; Grätz, Gesch. 1090 Falais, d. 1140), [7] Ribam (Rabbi Isaac II ben Meir) (b. Ramerupt, d. Regensburg, Germany). That commentary became so popular that there are now more than 200 commentaries on his commentary. A graduate of Combined Jewish Philanthropy’s (CJP) Acharai program, Dana held a number of leadership positions during the nearly twenty years that she and her family lived in Boston: she served as President of Rashi’s Board of Trustees from 2010-2012, and … There was no room to escape; she turned to the wall and pressed herself against it. (b. From his teachers, Rashi imbibed all the oral traditions pertaining to the Talmud as they had been passed down for centuries, as well as an understanding of the Talmud's unique logic and form of argument. His explanation on the Torah has been translated by several different translators into English and is available at most Jewish bookstores. Rashi himself, in his voluminous writings made no such claim at all. בתו השנייה של רש"י, מרים, נישאה לרבי יהודה בר נתן (ריב"ן) ולהם נולד רבי יום-טוב. 7), taken by some writers as "parshan data" (= "interpreter of the Law"). Rashi, unfortunately, attributed too great importance to the second process, often at the expense of the first, although he intended it, as he states on several occasions, only to elucidate the simple, obvious meaning of the text. Since the ban of Rabbeinu Gershom, Jewish men ceased to have more than one wife, even though the Bible permitted it. Father of Miriam Bat RASHI Ben Natan; Yocheved bat RASHI Kalonimus and Rachel bat Rashi. No high degree of praise, however, can beawarded to several liturgical poems attributed to Rashi, for they rank no higher than the bulk of the class to which they belong, although their style is smooth and flowing and they breathe a spirit of sadness and a sincere and tender love of God. Their complicated (and sometimes convoluted) commentaries were called Tosafot (Additions). The negative view of Esau is expressed nowhere more forcefully than in Rashi’s commentary. Each item on this list represents a generation. Susan Roth. (In addition, Rashi himself had only daughters.) This universal esteem is attested by the numerous works of which his commentaries were the subject, among them being the supercommentaries of Elijah Mizraḥi and Shabbethai Bass, which have passed through numerous editions and copies, while Rashi's commentary on the Pentateuch is the first Hebrew work of which the date of publication is known (Reggio, Feb., 1475). Gopi is about to step on the slippery floor when Kokila stops her. 2-10 (reprinted as part ii. Son: Porat Yosef, V (b. Treves). His is one of the master-minds of rabbinical literature, on which he has left the imprint of his predominant characteristics—terseness and clearness. Rashi's father, however, refused to start until a strange beggar appeared close to the sunset. Fearing that his stone would be used for idolatry, his father threw the gem into the ocean. du Département de l'Aube, 1855, xix. Rabbi Shlomo Yitzhaqi , (Hebrew: רבי שלמה יצחקי ), better known by the acronym Rashi (Hebrew: ‏רש"י ‎) It is very difficult to mention any part of the Jewish Bible with out mentioning the commentary of Rashi. רש"י ייסד ישיבה בטרוייש אך גם ממנה לא קיבל שכר, שנותיו האחרונות היו בתקופת הרדיפות הגדולות של מסעי הצלב. 276 et seq., 458, 462.J. Rashi's commentaries on the Talmud are more original and more solid in tone than those on the Scriptures. during the expulsion of Jews by Philippe IV and settled in Germany [9] Yaakov (Rabbenu Tam) (b. Clément-Mullet, Documents pour Servir à l' Histoire du Rabbin Salomon, Fils de Isaac, in Mémoires de la Société d'Agriculture . of Toledot Gedole Yisrael, Vienna, 1882); Georges, Le Rabbin Salomon Raschi, in L'Annuaire Administratif . At twenty-five, he founded his own academy in France. Another legend tells that Yitzchak decided to move temporarily to the city of Worms, Germany. Research. Rashi's commentary on the Talmud covers the Mishnah (only in those treatises where there is Gemara) and the Gemara. and cut them down to the last man." Feb 22 1040 - Troyes, Aube, Champagne-Ardenne, France, July 13 1105 - Troyes, Aube, Champagne-Ardenne, France, Rabbinical Lineages: yDNA and Haplogroup Identification, Rabbi * Yitzchak Ben Shlomo Tzarfati, RASHI's father, http://www.frumkin.org.il/Files/frnevbe.pdf, http://he.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D7%A8%D7%A9%22%D7%99, http://maxpages.com/nodabyehuda/RASHI_to_NODA_BYEHUDA, http://wiki.geni.com/index.php/Jewish_Dynasties. His wife was very educated and explained many passages of the talmud. Rashi had no sons, but he had several daughters, some say two, some say three. The same is said of Rabbi Yehuda Loewe of Prague (the Maharal). In his voluminous writings, Rashi himself made no such claim at all. Most of his explanations were not written by him. 1525), in which, however, of Proverbs and the books of Job and Daniel the text alone was given. Cancer is the fourth sign of the zodiac who loves to run deep. Many words in the Bible were unknown to Rashi's students, and obviously there would ask what a particular word meant and Rashi would give the answer in Old French using Hebrew transliteration. Acclaimed for his ability to present the basic meaning of the text in a concise yet lucid fashion, Rashi appeals to both learned scholars and beginning students, and his works remain a centerpiece of contemporary Jewish study. ; idem, Poésies ou Sélichot Attribuées à Raschi, in Mémoires de la Société Académique de l'Aube, 1856, xx. [39] Rabbi Matityahu TREVES (ASHKENAZI), II (b. Treves) married [38] the, Itzhak TZARFARTI (d. Abt 1060 Worms, Germany) married, [6] R. Tosafist Yom Tov of Falais (b. Indian Astrology Names, Hindu Baby Names by Indian Astrology ההערצה הרבה של יהודי אירופה לרש"י יצרה סביבו אגדות רבות, אולם מעט ידוע על תקופת ילדותו. . (The bracketed numbers are references to his list of information on the descendants of RASHI. According to tradition, Rashi was first brought to learn Torah by his father on Shavuot day at the age of five. vi. Rashi's qualifications for his task, and even his faults, have made his commentaries on the Bible, particularly on the Pentateuch, especially suitable for general reading and edification, and have won for him the epithet of "Parshandatha" (Esth. בתו השלישית נקראה רחל, ומלבד שנישאה לתלמיד חכם בשם רבנו אפרים, לא ידוע עליה דבר, רש"י למד בישיבות מגנצא (מיינץ) וורמיזא (וורמס) שבאשכנז מגיל 20 עד הגיעו לגיל 30, ושם עוצב עולמו הרוחני. Surname information is crowd-sourced; the Geni community would be grateful if you helped update this page with information about the RASHI descendants surname. The most famous of these Tosafists was Rashi's grandson, Rabbenu Tam, who frequently disagreed with his grandfather. Descendant of Rashi - Davidic Dynasty is dedicated to uniting the Jewish descendants of King David. Noda b'Yehuda website for more information. 1080 Ramerupt, France, d. 1158), [29] Mosche TREVES, II (b. Treves, d. 1230 Paris), [35] Rabbi Porat Joseph TREVES (b. Treves). Title: Descendants of Shlomo Itzhaki RASHI Author: Nahum Last modified by: USER Created Date: 12/21/2010 9:47:00 AM Company: TAU Other titles: Descendants of Shlomo Itzhaki RASHI The Rasi family name was found in the USA, Canada, and Scotland between 1841 and 1920. כבר בחייו התפרסמו פירושיו בחוברות שהופצו בעותקים רבים ונקראו "קונטרסים" ("מחברת" בלטינית), ולכן יש פרשנים אשר קוראים לפירושו "פירוש הקונטרס". Rashi returned to help rebuild the destroyed Jewish Community of Worms, and rededicated the synagogue. They are not consecutive commentaries, but detached glosses on difficult terms or phrases. son of Simcha ben Samuel. official Rashi's training bore fruit in his commentaries, possibly begun while he was still in Lorraine. Rashi, acronym of Rabbi Shlomo Yitzḥaqi, (born 1040, Troyes, Champagne—died July 13, 1105, Troyes), renowned medieval French commentator on the Bible and the Talmud (the authoritative Jewish compendium of law, lore, and commentary). Shortly after his death he was known not only in Provence, but in Spain and even in the East. Mendelssohn and his school of bi'urists revived the exegesis of the peshaṭ and employed Rashi's commentaries constantly, even attempting an interpretation of the French glosses. In every case Rashi's authority carried a weight equal to that of the leading "poseḳim," and it would have had still more influence if his rulings and his responsa, which his disciples carefully noted—as they did also even his slightest acts and gestures—had been united in one collection, as was the case with the Spanish and German Talmudists, instead of being scattered through a number of compilations. His father was his main Torah teacher until his death when Rashi was still a youth. At different periods other parts of the Old Testament appeared with his commentary: the Five Scrolls (Bologna, c. 1484); the Five Scrolls, Daniel, Ezra, and Nehemiah (Naples, 1487); Job, Psalms, Proverbs, and Daniel (Salonica, 1515); the Pentateuch, the Five Scrolls, Ezra, and Chronicles (Venice, 1517). He had two daughters (some say he had three daughters). (The bracketed numbers are references to his list of 1,612 descendants of RASHI.) He also began answering halakhic questions. Welcome to some of the best Rashi genealogy resources found on the web. One of the known teachers of Rashi was Rabbi Yaakov ben Yakar who lived in Germany, who himself was a student of the famous Rabbeinu Gershom who is still known today for placing the ban on polygamy. On the inside margin of the page is the commentary of Rashi (R. Shlomo Yitzhaki, France (1040-1105). Among those murdered in Worms were the three sons of Rabbi Isaac ben Eliezer Halevi, Rashi's teacher. His commentary, which covers nearly all of the Babylonian Talmud (a total of 30 tractates), has been included in every edition of the Talmud since its first printing in the 1520s. Like them, and sometimes in opposition to them, Rashi began by preparing a rigid recension of the Talmud, which has become the received text, and which is the most natural and most logical, even though not invariably authentic. He and his wife lived in the Jewish quarter and attended the small synagogue there, awaiting the birth of their child. He assumed that his students knew the midrash; he just emphasized its immediate relevance to the TaNaCH. In addition to becoming outstanding scholars, Rashi's grandchildren dispersed though out Europe and were responsible for the increase in the level of Talmudic learning among the European Jewry. Legend notwithstanding, he knew neither foreign languages, except French and a few words of German, nor secular science, save something of the practical arts. The chief subjects of discussion are the wine of non-Jews and the relations between Jews and baptized Jews (possibly an echo of the times of the Crusades). His concern was for every word in the text which need elaboration or explanation. The French Jews carried their literature with them and diffused it among foreign communities, in which its popularity steadily increased. His most noted pupils were Simḥah of Vitry and Shemaiah, who were his kinsmen, and Judah b. Abraham, Joseph b. Judah, and Jacob b. Samson. . Whether they were derived from written sources, oral tradition, or imagination, their consistency and ingenuity are praised by scholars, who frequently draw upon them for material. Today on every page of Talmud you can find Rashi's commentary surrounding the text on the inside of the page, and the Tosafot surrounding the text on the outside of the page. Rashi's celebrity rests upon his commentaries on the Bible and the Talmud, this vast task of elucidation being entirely his own, except for a few books in the one and certain treatises in the other. About the age of twenty-five he seems to have left his masters, with whom he always maintained most friendly relations. Besides explaining individual words, Rashi also made use of the the great oceans of midrash. About 1070 he founded a school which attracted many disciples and which became still more important after the death of his own preceptors. Rashi took concise, copious notes of everything he learned in yeshiva, incorporating much of this material in his later commentaries. A single word frequently suffices to summarize a remark or anticipate a question. Rashi's lack of scientific method, unfortunately, prevents his occupying the rank in the domain of exegesis merited by his other qualities. In France itself, however, repeated expulsions by successive kings and the burning of Hebrew books, as at Paris in 1240, scattered the Jews and destroyed their institutions of learning. He attained this popularity, which he still retains in Jewry, through his Biblical and Talmudic commentaries which are noted for their terseness, clarity, and erudition. A group is formed at Family Tree DNA called the Halpern and Branches, part of the Jewish Heritage Project. He was born in Troyes, France, and lived from 1040 to 1105, surviving the massacres of the First Crusade through Europe. Their son Yom Tov later moved to Paris and headed a yeshiva there. His grandsons became the very famous "tosepoth" scholars whom are the prime dissenters on the famous commentary of Rashi on the Talmud. Rashi, in keeping with the custom of not taking money for teaching, was a successful wine merchant. Legend states also that his mother, imperiled in one of the narrow streets of Worms during her pregnancy, pressed against a wall, which opened to receive her. Its first appearance with the text was at Bologna in 1482, the commentary being given in the margin; this was the first commentary so printed. Modern scholars, however, have shown that the commentaries on the following treatises do not belong to Rashi: Keritot and Me'ilah (Zunz, in his "Zeitschrift," p. 368), Mo'ed Ḳaṭan (Reifmann, in "Monatsschrift," iii. He frequently availed himself of parallel passages in the Talmud itself, or of other productions of Talmudic literature; and when perplexed he would acknowledge it without hesitation. Rachel married (and divorced) Eliezer ben Shemiah. The popularity of the works extended to their author, and innumerable legends were woven about his name, while illustrious families claimed descent from him. The Spanish exegetes, among them Abraham ibn Ezra and Naḥmanides, and such Talmudists as Zerahiah Gerondi, recognized his authority, although at first they frequently combatted his opinions. Rashi's commentary on the Bible was unique. Rashi lived sixty-five years and died on 1105. Who We Are. Michigan had the highest population of Rasi … In addition to the famous "tosephot" explanations and commentaries of the Talmudic literature, another grandson, Shlomo, known as the Rashbam, who was literally raised on the lap of his illustrious grandfather wrote a commentary on the five books of Moses which differs sharply with that of Rashi. The idolaters were incessant in their demands for the precious stone and offered exorbitant sums of money to Rashi's father. No other commentaries have been the subject of so many supercommentaries as those of Rashi. פקפוקים שוליים יותר היו בנוגע למסכת בבא קמא. His grammatical knowledge was obviously inadequate, although he was acquainted with the works of the Judæo-Spanish grammarians Menahem b. Saruḳ and Dunash b. Labraṭ, and had gained a thorough knowledge of Hebrew. About 1070, he founded a yeshiva which attracted many disciples. When he arrived home, a man was waiting for him. The chief of this group was his grandson, Yaakov, known as Rabbainu Tam. Rashi, the most famous of the commentators to the Talmud, explains and translates the Talmudic dialogue while, for the most part, refraining from subjecting the text to analysis or comparison to parallel texts in other tractates. Subsequent scholars have labored through out the generations to explain Rashi's ideas against those of his grandchildren. The Talmud was written in legalese: terse, unexplained language with no punctuation. In the same century the humanists took up the study of grammar and exegesis, then long neglected among the Jews, and these Christian Hebraists studied the commentaries of Rashi as interpretations authorized by the Synagogue. Above, we read of the census of the Jewish people, and below we read of the census of the Levites. Rashi by Eliezer Cohen, The Jewish Magazine, 33'rd generation to Rabbi Yohanan the Sandler, 4th generation to Rabban Gamliel the Elder, son of Shimon the Nassi (President), son of Hillel the Elder, of Shfatia ben Avital - son of King David. These two daughters were married to outstanding Torah scholars. Rashi's responsum to the rabbis of Auxerre was published by Geiger in his "Melo Chofnajim" (p. 33, Berlin, 1840). ??? i., Paris, 1890; Winter and Wünsche, Jüdische Litteratur, ii. Samuel(RaSHBaM), Judah, and Jacob (R. Tam), were the first of a succession of tosafists who were closely identified in work and methods with Rashi. Rashi's mishnaic commentary was printed with the Basel 1580 (the order Ṭohorot) and the Leghorn 1654 (all six orders) editions. According to tradition, Rashi's father carried his religious zeal so far that he cast into the sea a gem that was much coveted by Christians, whereupon he heard a mysterious voice which foretold him the birth of a noble son. Yocheved's daughter, Chanah, was a teacher of laws and customs relevant to women. His two sons-in-law, Judah b. Nathan (RIBaN) and Meïr b. Samuel, and especially the latter's three sons. His last years were saddened by the massacres which took place at the outset of the first Crusade (1095-1096), in which he lost relatives and friends. One of his grandsons was Rabenu Tam, another one - Rashbam (Rabbi Samuel ben Meir). From this family emanated the great Biblical and Talmudic commentator Rashi (1040-1105). This miraculous niche is still shown there, as well as the bench from which Rashi taught. Beyond that, there is no concrete evidence as to the whereabouts of King David’s descendants. These answers comprise Rashi's commentary. עוד אגדה מספרת שבשעת פטירתו יצאה בת קול ואמרה: "עתידים כל ישראל להיות בניך", רש"י פירש כמעט את כל התנ"ך כולו: פירושו על המקרא הוא הפירוש הפשטי ביותר מביניהם. Rashi's commentary on the Pentateuch was first printed without the text at Reggio in 1475 (the first dated Hebrew book printed); five years later it was reprinted in square characters. בפירושו לתלמוד הוא מאופיין בכך שבניגוד לפירוש התוספות שמנסה לגבש אחידות בכל התלמוד, רש"י בפירושו אינו מנסה ליישב סתירות, עיקרם של ספרי ההלכה הקדמונים מחזור ויטרי, ספר האורה וספר הפרדס, המכונים "ספרי דבי רש"י" נכתבו על ידי רש"י או על ידי תלמידיו, על פי פסקיו, רש"י גם שלח ידו במלאכת הפיוט, וחיבר מספר קינות על מסע הצלב שהיה בימי חייו. (The bracketed numbers are references to his list of 1,612 descendants of RASHI.) 1873; Berliner, Raschi, Commentar zum Pentateuch, Introduction, Berlin, 1866; idem, Zur Charakteristik Raschi's, in Kaufmann Gedenkbuch; Darmesteter, Reliques Scientifiques, vol. As a youth, Rashi studied the traditional Jewish subjects with some of the greatest Talmudic scholars of that period. On his father's side, Rashi has been claimed to be a 33rd-generation descendant of Johanan HaSandlar, who was a fourth-generation descendant of Gamaliel, who was reputedly descended from the Davidic line. רש"י מעיד באחד מפירושיו למסכת עבודה זרה (פרק חמישי) שאביו היה מלומד גדול, בניגוד לדעה הנפוצה. Thanks to their descendant [688] Benjamin ANGEL Benjamin.Angel at cec.eu.int for information on the descendants of RASHI. 277-384 (Hebrew transl., with additional notes, by Bloch, Lemberg, 1840; 2d ed., Warsaw, 1862); Weiss, Rabbenu Shelomh bar Yiẓḥaḳ, in Bet-Talmud, ii., Nos. It is related that the prophet Eliyahu was given the honor of holding the baby Rashi on his lap for his circumcision. DNA Research. Partial translations of his commentaries on the Bible were published; and at length a complete version of the whole, based on the manuscripts, was published by Breithaupt at Gotha (1710-13). The most Rasi families were found in the USA in 1920. A specific family being researched may descend from a number of marital ties between rabbinical families, which ultimately connect back to Katzenellenbogen, Luria, etc., and through them to Rashi. Yet it is never diffuse; its terseness is universally conceded. Rabbi Yaakov was an exacting critic of Rashi in many areas of commentary — and at the same time he was his staunchest defender against the criticism of outsiders. Rashi had no sons. Rashi's surname Yitzhaki derives from his father's name, Yitzhak. ix. Watch Saath Nibhaana Saathiya 2 - Hindi Family TV Serial on Disney+ Hotstar now. ליוכבד ובעלה נולדה בת שהייתה נשואה לרבי שמואל בן רבי שמחה מחבר מחזור ויטרי, והיא אמו של רבי יצחק הזקן מבעלי התוספות. The acronym is sometimes also fancifully expanded as Rabban Shel Israel, or as Rabbenu SheYichyeh" (רבינו שיחיה), our Rabbi, may he live. Rashi's commentary on the Talmud was even more important than his TaNaCh commentary. No one person seems to have had such a deep impact on Jewish learning in the past thousand years as this man has had. Rashi calculator E very person is known and called by his name. Jigar saves Rashi from getting reprimanded by Kokila. הוא נפטר ביום חמישי כ"ט בתמוז בשנת ד'תתס"ה (1105 לספירה). Then comes Rashi's tree starting with with Rabbi Gamaliel the Elder.Gamiel was the surname of 6 Palestinian rabbis, descendants of Hillel and the most important was Gamaliel the Elder of the early 1st century. . בשיטת דיוקם בדבריו הלכו רבים מפרשני התלמוד עד ימינו, פירושי רש"י היו פופולריים ביותר עוד בימי חייו. Son of Rabbi * Yitzchak Ben Shlomo Tzarfati, RASHI's father and Leah Miriam Tzarfati, RASHI's mother The two principal sources from which Rashi derived his exegesis were the Talmudicmidrashicmidrashic literature and the hermeneutic processes which it employs—the "peshaṭ" and the "derash." M. Lib. See the On his father Yitzchak's side, he has been claimed by many to be a 33rd generation descendant of Rabbi Yochanan Hasandlar, who was a fourth generation descendant of Rabban Gamaliel Hazaken (the Elder) who was reputedly descended from the royal house of King David. Another legend further states that he died and was buried in Prague.J. His simple, brief explanations for practically every phrase of the Gemarra made the Talmud understandable to the non-scholar. A commentary on Pirḳe Abot was printed, with the text, at Mantua in 1560 and was attributed to Rashi; the critics, however, doubt that the commentary is his work. Marching through Hungary, the Crusaders came into repeated conflict with the local population, and lost a quarter of their number. He manifests also a remarkable facility in the elucidation of obscure or disputed points, recurring, whenever he finds it necessary, to schemata. (Hebr. According to legend, the wall softened and accommodated her pregnant form. 143 et seq. Since that date there have been published a great many editions of the Pentateuch with Rashi's commentary only. When he refused to sell it to them they threatened him physically. Home. Family exempted from wearing Jewish badge. Scholars believe that Rashi's commentary on the Talmud grew out of the lectures he gave to his students in his yeshiva, and evolved with the questions and answers they raised. In 1096, the People's Crusade swept through the Lorraine, murdering 12,000 Jews and uprooting whole communities. Legend has it that before Rashi was born, his father, Yitzchak had in his possession a very beautiful and precious gem. Seven of Rashi's Selichot still exist, including Adonai Elohei Hatz'vaot", which is recited on the eve of Rosh Hashanah, and Az Terem Nimtehu, which is recited on the Fast of Gedalia. The most important of these collections are: the "Sefer ha-Pardes," often attributed to Rashi himself, but in reality composed of two others, one of which was probably made by Rashi's pupil Shemaiah; the "Sefer ha-Orah," also compiled from two other works, the first containing fragments which apparently date from the time of Rashi's followers; the "Sefer Issur we-Hetter"; the "Maḥzor Vitry," a more homogeneous work (with additions by Isaac b. Dorbolo), compiled by Simḥah of Vitry, a pupil of Rashi, who introduced into it, in the order of the events of the ecclesiastical year, his teacher's laws of jurisprudence and his responsa. Rashi's teachers were students of Rabbeinu Gershom and Rabbi Eliezer Hagadol, leading Talmudists of the previous generation. find Rasi from your name. Rashi's attainments appear the more remarkable when it is remembered that he confined himself to Jewish fields of learning. [10] Shlomo [11] Miriam m. To this day, an indentation in the size, height and shape of a woman's pregnant belly in the wall of the Rashi Shul (1175) is shown to visitors to the city. He explained all of the terse phrases; he explained the principles and concepts assumed by the sages who put together the Gemarra. He was born in Troyes, Champagne, in northern France, in 1040. Please enable JavaScript in your browser's settings to use this part of Geni. He is considered the "father" of all commentaries that followed on the Talmud since the fifteenth century. בדברי בעלי התוספות אנו מוצאים עדויות לכך שהיו לפירושו שתיים או שלוש מהדורות, דהיינו, הפירוש נערך על ידי רש"י במהלך חייו כמה פעמים, אם כי נקודה זו נתונה היום במחלוקת בין החוקרים.

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