Bible Dictionaries - Easton's Bible Dictionary - Assyria, Bible Dictionaries - Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary - Assyria, Encyclopedias - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Assyria, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. 727 the Babylonians threw off the rule of the Assyrians, under the leadership of the powerful Chaldean prince Merodach-baladan ( 2 Kings 20:12 ), who, after twelve years, was subdued by Sargon, who now reunited the kingdom, and ruled over a vast empire. Glass was also manufactured. Assyria. Its possession was disputed between Semitic Amurru or One result of this was the necessity for constant war in order to occupy the soldiery and satisfy their demands with captured booty; and the result, as in the Northern Kingdom of Israel, was military revolution, with the seizure of the throne by the successful general. When the Cimmerians descended upon the empire shortly afterward, it was no longer in a condition to resist them. Assyrian literature, moreover, was mainly derived from Babylonia. The Assyrians reckoned time by means of limmi, certain officials appointed every New Year's day, after whom their year of office was named. For his history see His son Hadad-nirari III (811-783 BC) was the next king, whose mother was Sammu-ramat (Semiramis). The dominant type was Semitic, with full lips, somewhat hooked nose, high forehead, black hair and eyes, fresh complexion and abundance of beard. By reason and rational things are properly meant things that are true; and by reasoning and reasonings, those which are false. 2Kings 17:3 - 4Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria: and Hoshea became his servant, and gave him presents. The army was reorganized and made irresistible, and a new administrative system was introduced, the empire being centralized at Nineveh and governed by a bureaucracy at the head of which was the king. Assyria definition, an ancient empire in SW Asia: greatest extent from about 750 to 612 b.c. Entry for Assyria, Asshur in Smith’s Bible Dictionary. Strictly speaking, Assyria was a small district bounded on the N. and E. by the mountains of Armenia and Kurdistan, on … In stature the Assyrians were of average modern European height, and were powerfully built. the name derived from the city Asshur on the Tigris, the original capital of the country, was originally a colony from Babylonia, and was ruled by viceroys from that kingdom. The rug, of which the Persian rug is the modern representative, was a Babylonian invention. Babylon was taken by storm, and for seven years Tukulti-Mas was master of all the lands watered by the Tigris and Euphrates. The homeland of Assyria was in the northeast corner of the Fertile Crescent where the Tigris River flows southward across the plains, and the mountains of Kurdistan loom up in the background. the name derived from the city Asshur on the Tigris, the original capital of the country, was originally a colony from Babylonia, and was ruled by viceroys from that kingdom. When references are found in other StudyLight.org reference tools, a hyperlink will appear in the right-hand column, allowing you to move to that resource and expand your Bible study. Hence too, the military revolutions, which, as in the kingdom of Israel, resulted in changes of dynasty and the seizure of the throne by successful generals. The capital of Assyria was Nineveh. Esar-haddon died while on his way to repress a revolt in Egypt, and his son Assur-bani-pal succeeded him in the empire (669-626 BC), while another son Samas-sum-ukin was appointed viceroy of Babylonia. Genesis 25:18And they dwelt from Havilah unto Shur, that is before Egypt, as thou goest toward Assyria: and he died in the presence of all his brethren. See NINEVEH, LIBRARY OF. "Entry for 'ASSYRIA'". At Assur he planted a botanical garden stocked with trees from the conquered provinces. In bronze work the Assyrians excelled, much of the work being cast. In later days commercial reasons had much to do with the efforts of the Assyrian kings to conquer eastern Asia Minor and the Mediterranean coast of Syria and Pal: under the Second Empire no pains were spared to obtain possession of the Phoenician cities and divert their commerce into Assyrian hands. Then came the turn of northern Arabia, where the rebel sheikhs were compelled to submit. Another early sanctuary of Ishtar was at Urbillu, Arbailu or Arbela, East of the Upper Zab. ASHERAH (which see) of the Old Testament, had stood at his side, and later literary pedants endeavored to find a wife for him in Belit, "the Lady," or Ishtar, or some other Babylonian goddess, but the attempts remained purely literary. The beautiful ivory carvings found at Nineveh were probably the work of foreign artificers, but gems and seal cylinders were engraved by native artists in imitation of those of Babylonia, and the Babylonian art of painting and glazing tiles was also practiced. "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". The lists of limmi or "Eponyms" which have come down to us form the basis of Assyrian chronology. Assyria, a Greek name formed from Asshur ('ashshur; 'Assour; Assyrian Assur): The origin of the city (now Kala'at Shergat), which was built on the western bank of the Tigris between the Upper and Lower Zab, went back to pre-Sem times, and the meaning of the name was forgotten (see Genesis 2:14, where the Hiddekel or Tigris is said to flow on the eastern side of Asshur). Egypt demanded his first attention. The Assyrians Assyria was a kingdom located between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers that dominated the ancient world from the ninth century to the seventh century B. C. Its capital was Nineveh. Nineveh was utterly destroyed, never again to be inhabited, and northern Babylonia passed into the hands of Nabopolassar, the viceroy of Babylon, who had joined the northern invaders. Babylonia had fallen into decay and been forced to protect herself from the rising power of Assyria by forming an alliance with Mitanni (Mesopotamia) and Egypt, and subsequently, when Mitanni had been absorbed by the Hittites, by practically becoming dependent on the Hittite king. Nineveh had at that time already become a great resort of merchants, among whom the Semitic Arameans were the most numerous. From an early period Assyria had entered on a conquering career, and having absorbed Babylon, the kingdoms of Hamath, Damascus, and Samaria, it conquered Phoenicia, and made Judea feudatory, and subjected Philistia and Idumea. Against his will, therefore, Assur-bani-pal was obliged to interfere in the internal affairs of that country, with the result that the Elamites were finally overthrown in a battle on the Eulaeus beneath the walls of Susa, and the conquered land divided between two vassal kings. The Assyrians, whose height of power ran from 884 to 612 B.C., are considered the first world power in human history. The earliest known to us are Auspia and Kikia, who bear Mitannian names. Later still, the scribes explained his name as a corruption of that of the primeval cosmogonic deity An-sar, the upper firmament, which in the neo-Babylonian age was pronounced Assor. Assyria ancient and proper lay east of the Tigris, between Armenia, Susiana, and Media, and appears to have comprehended the six provinces attributed to it by Ptolemy, … Throughout the Hebrew Bible, the … It was a mountainous region lying to the north of Babylonia, extending along the Tigris as far as to the high mountain range of Armenia, the Gordiaean or Carduchian mountains. Before that period Sennacherib states that Tiglath-pileser I reigned 418 years before himself. Water was raised from the river by means of a shaduf. Nineveh in Smiths Bible Dictionary (abode of Ninus), the capital of the ancient kingdom and empire of Assyria. The army consisted of cavalry, infantry, bowmen and slingers, as well as of a corps of charioteers. All kinds of vases, bowls and dishes were made of earthenware, but they were rarely decorated. (Genesis 10:11) etc.It derived its name apparently from Asshur, the son of Shem, (Genesis 10:22) who in later times was worshipped by the Assyrians as their chief god. In his later days, when too old to take the field himself, his armies were led by the turtannu or commander-in-chief, and a rebellion, headed by his son Assur-danin-pal (Sardanapalus) broke out at home, where Nineveh and Assur were jealous of the preference shown for Calah. Nineveh, however, was captured and the revolt suppressed after two years' duration by another son, Samas-Ramman IV, who shortly afterward, on his father's death, succeeded to the throne (824-812 BC). Orr, James, M.A., D.D. In 723 B.C., God allowed Assyria, as punishment for the Kingdom of Israel's many sins, to conquer Samaria and take the people out of the land as captives. The way the book of Jonah ends is with Jonah upset with God for saving Nineveh. Attempts are made to imitate the rich detail and delicate finish of the ivory carvings; the background is filled in with a profusion of subjects, and there is a marked realism in the delineation of them. His campaign against Hezekiah of Judah in 701 BC was a failure; so, also, was his policy in Babylonia which was in a constant state of revolt against his rule, and which ended in his razing the sacred city of Babylon to the ground in 689 BC. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. In the seventh century BC, Assyria occupied and controlled the eastern shores of the Mediterranean Sea. Assyria is always distinguished from Babylonia in the Old Testament, and not confounded with it as by Herodotus and other classical writers. The army were "the troops of Assur," the enemies were "the enemies of Assur" who required that they should acknowledge his supremacy or be destroyed. Shalmaneser's campaigns were not confined to the West. Then under Tandamane, Tirhakah's successor, Egypt revolted again. Capital: Nineveh. Some years after this the Assyrian king marched an army against Hazael, king of Damascus. His son Esar-haddon, who succeeded him (681-669 BC) after his murder by two other sons on the 20th Tebet (compare The state religion of Assyria was derived from BABYLONIA (which see) and in its main outlines is Babylonian. Cedar wood was brought from Mount Amanus, and there was already trade, through Syria, with the Mediterranean. Egypt recovered its independence under Psammetichus, the founder of the XXVIth Dynasty (660 BC) who had received help from Lydia, but Babylonia was reconquered and Babylon after a long siege was starved out, Samas-sum-ukin burning himself in the ruins of his palace. Under Assur-etil-ilani, the son and successor of Assur-bani-pal, Calah was taken and sacked, and two reigns later, Sin-sar-iskun, the last king of Assyria, fell fighting against the Scythians (606 BC). Cotton is mentioned by Sennacherib (King, PSBA, December, 1909). About a hundred years after this (B.C. against Assyria. Sennacherib further clothed the horseman in a coat of mail. Figs, olives, pomegranates, almonds, mulberries and vines were also cultivated as well as all kinds of grain. For the history of his reign, see When Nineveh took the place of Assur as the capital of the kingdom, Ishtar, around whose sanctuary Nineveh had grown up, began to share with him some of the honor of worship, though her position continued to be secondary to the end. Nineveh itself was probably founded in the interests of the trade with the North. A successful revolt, however, finally drove the Assyrian conqueror back to his own country, and when he was murdered soon afterward by his own son, the Babylonians saw in the deed a punishment inflicted by the god of Babylon. But the struggle had exhausted Assyria; its exchequer was empty, and its fighting population killed. At length, however, its power declined. The triangle formed by the Tigris and Zab, which enclosed these cities, was in later times included within the fortifications of the "great city" (Genesis 10:12; Jonah 3:3). After this the Assyrians gradually extended their power, subjugating the states of Northern Syria. Assyria. The road to the West was thus again secured for the merchants of Assyria. Learn more about Assyria from the Easton’s Bible Dictionary The name derived from the city Asshur on the Tigris, the original capital of the country, was originally a colony from Babylonia, and was ruled by viceroys from that kingdom. Rich, who had first visited Mossul in 1811, examined the mounds opposite in 1820 and concluded that they represented the site of Nineveh. . He then turned westward, and after receiving homage from the Hittite king of Carchemish, laid the Phoenicians under tribute. III. About 2500 BC the country was occupied by Babylonian Semites, who brought with them the religion, law, customs, script and Semitic language of Babylonia (Genesis 10:11,12, where we should read "He went forth to Asshur"; see Assyria : the name derived from the city Asshur on the Tigris, the original capital of the country, was originally a colony from Babylonia, and was ruled by viceroys from that kingdom. His chief campaigns were directed against Media. Assyria is the country to whom God sent the prophet Jonah. The other man named Asshur was a son of Shem, the eldest son of Noah (Genesis 10:22), and, on the Biblical stage, from him sprang the people called the Assyrians (אשורי), who lived in Assyria, which in the Bible is known simply as Asshur (אשור). Archaeologists have uncovered the remains of his palace in Khorsebad, near the ancient city of Nineveh (Jonah 1:1–3). It was overthrown by the Babylonians and Medes about 600 B. C., after it had been in existence for some 1,200 years. At the least, none of the Bible's claims about the Assyrians have been disproven by reliable scholarship. . 705), the son and successor of Sargon ( 2 Kings 18:13 ; 19:37 ; Isaiah 7:17 Isaiah 7:18 ); and then of Esar-haddon, his son and successor, who took Manasseh, king of Judah, captive, and kept him for some time a prisoner at Babylon, which he alone of all the Assyrian kings made the seat of his government ( 2 Kings 19:37 ; Isaiah 37:38 ). Did Israel keep the Sabbath in captivity. History Assyria lay north of the region of Babylonia along the banks of the Tigris River ( Genesis 2:14 ) in northern Mesopotamia. How to say Assyria in English? But on his death the smouldering flames of rebellion again burst forth, and the Babylonians and Medes successfully asserted their independence (B.C. It is only the human-headed bulls and winged lions that can be called successful: they were set on either side of a gate to prevent the entrance of evil spirits, and their majestic proportions were calculated to strike the observer with awe (compare the description of the four cherubim in Eze 1). Just a few years later, in 701, they threatened to destroy Jerusalem. 2Kings 16:7 - 10So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, saying, I am thy servant and thy son: come up, and save me out of the hand of the king of Syria, and out of the hand of the king of Israel, which rise up against me. Bibliography Information This was also the case with the war-god Nin-ip, called Mas in Assyria, whose cult was specially patronized by the Assyrian kings. About 1120 BC the Assyrian king was Tiglath-pileser I, whose successful wars extended the Assyrian empire as far westward as Cappadocia. "Ahab of Israel," besides considerable contingents from Ammon, Arvad, Arabia and elsewhere. Natural features and Civilization. Elam still remained independent and endeavored to stir up disaffection in Babylonia. At the same time the land of Naphtali was annexed to Assyria, and Yahu- khazi (Ahaz) of Judah became an Assyrian vassal, while in 731 BC, after the murder of Pekah, Hoshea was appointed king of Israel (compare 2 Kings 15-17). FURNITURE, POTTERY AND EMBROIDERY_. Its name came from mât Aššur; Asshur is its original capital, it literally means “the country of the god Asshur”. 745) the crown was seized by a military adventurer called Pul, who assumed the name of Tiglath-pileser III. From the reign of Tiglath-pileser IV onward, however, the autocracy was tempered by a centralized bureaucracy, and in the provinces a civil governor was appointed by the side of the military commander. The terra-cotta figures which can be assigned to the Assyrian period are poor. (Genesis 10:11) etc.It derived its name apparently from Asshur, the son of Shem, (Genesis 10:22) who in later times was worshipped by the Assyrians as their chief god.Extent. He also brought under tribute Jehu, and the cities of Tyre and Sidon. 2Kings 15:19 - 20, 29And Pul the king of Assyria came against the land: and Menahem gave Pul a thousand talents of silver, that his hand might be with him to confirm the kingdom in his hand. The third period is that of Assur-bani-pal, when the overcrowding is avoided by once more leaving the background bare, while the animal and vegetable forms are distinguished by a certain softness, if not effeminacy of tone. Asshur, one of Shem's sons, settled in the general area of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. Furniture, Pottery and Embroidery. His successor was another military adventurer, Shalmaneser IV (727-722 BC), whose original name was Ulula. Series NotesScripture quotes are taken from the King James translation.The definition of each listingis derived from a variety of sources. In return the "Eponym" lists have enabled us to correct the chronology of the Books of Kings (see KINGS, BOOKS OF). Ezekiel (31) attests (about B.C. And the fourth river is Euphrates. Shalmaneser's son and successor Tukulti-Mas entered into the fruits of his father's labors. Both Asshur and Assyria are derived from the same Hebrew word (Strong's #H804) and therefore can sometimes be used interchangeably in the Bible. Sennacherib introduced a corps of slingers, clad in helmet and cuirass, leather drawers and boots. Gen. 10, Nimrod).1 Assyria first appeared historically after the time of the Kingdom of Acca… The Assyrians in the Bible The Bible includes many references to the Assyrian people within the pages of the Old Testament. All this district was embraced in the kingdom of Assyria which extended from Babylonia northward to the Kurdish mountains and at times included the country westward to the Euphrates and the Khabur. 1Chronicles 1:17The sons of Shem: Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram, and Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Meshech. Asur was originally Asir, "the leader" in war, who is accordingly depicted as a warrior-god armed with a bow and who in the age when solar worship became general in Babylonia was identified with the sun-god. This vast span of time is divided into the Early Period (2500–2025 BC), Old Assyrian Empire (2025–1378 BC), Middle Assyrian Empire(1392–934 BC) … Assur was not only supreme over the other gods, he was also, in fact, unlike them, without father or wife. Assyrian law was, in general, derived from Babylonia and much of it was connected with trade. Aramaic, accordingly, became the language of trade, and then of diplomacy (compare He also invaded Syria ( 2 Kings 17:5 ), but was deposed in favour of Sargon (q.v.) In 1843-45 the Frenchman Botta disinterred the palace of Sargon at Khorsabad, 15 miles North of Nineveh, while at Nimrud (Calah) and Kouyunjik (Nineveh) Layard (1845-51) brought to light the ruins of the great Assyrian palaces and the library of Assur-bani-pal. Tirhakah the Ethiopian who had headed its revolt was driven back to his own country, and for a time there was peace. “Assyria, Asshur ” means . Shields were also worn by all classes of soldiers, and the army carried with it standards, tents, battering-rams and baggage-carts. Assyria was a military kingdom which, like the Northern Kingdom of Israel, had established itself by a successful revolt from Babylonia. Assyria can be found at the north part of Mesopotamia with two symbolic rivers running through it, the Tigris and the Euphrates along with many tributaries. Metaphysical meaning of Assyria (mbd) Assyria (A. V., in some places Assur), as-syr'-l-å (Gk., Assyria; Heb., Asshur) --country of Asshur. So the king of Assyria turned back, and stayed not there in the land . He also deprived the heavy-armed bowmen of the long robes they used to wear, and established a body of pioneers with double-headed axes, helmets and buskins. The "Eponym" lists carry back an exact dating of time to the beginning of the 10th century BC. Easton's Bible Dictionary – Assyria . After this, however, Assyria once more fell into a state of decay, from which it was delivered by the successful revolt of a military officer Pulu (Pul), who put an end to the old line of kings and took the name of Tiglath-pileser IV (745-727 BC). In character the Assyrians were cruel and ferocious in war, keen traders, stern disciplinarians, and where religion was concerned, intense and intolerant. Babylon was rebuilt and made the second capital of the empire, Palestine became an obedient province, and Egypt was conquered (674 and 671 BC), while an invasion of the Cimmerians (Gomer) was repelled, and campaigns were made into the heart of both Media and Arabia. They were a military people, the "Romans of the East.". Of the early history of the kingdom of Assyria little is positively known. Assyria is always distinguished from Babylonia in the Old Testament, and not confounded with it as by Herodotus and other classical writers. In Scripture it is remarkable that we hear nothing of Assyria after the reign of Esarhaddon, and profane history is equally silent until the attacks began which brought about her downfall. Proud member It was located strategically on a low bluff on the right bank of the Tigris at a place now called Qalat Sharqat (cf. Azariah (Uzziah) was an ally of the king of Hamath, and thus was compelled by Tiglath-pileser to do him homage and pay a yearly tribute. The famous bronze gates of Balawat were erected by him in commemoration of his victories. This time the Assyrian punishment was merciless. How far the whole male population was liable to conscription is still uncertain; but the fact that the wars of Assur- bani-pal so exhausted the fighting strength of the nation as to render it unable to resist the invaders from the North shows that the majority of the males must have been soldiers. Answer: Sennacherib was the king of Assyria who reigned from about 720 BC to 683 BC. Given all the talk of Syria in the news lately, I was asked if Syria is the same “Assyria” that is mentioned in the Bible. Unlike Babylonia, Assyria abounded in stone; the brick buildings of Babylonia, accordingly, were replaced by stone, and the painted or tiled walls by sculptured slabs. Assyrian history begins with the high priests (patesis) of Assur. The Assyrians of the Bible were part of the Neo-Assyrian Empire. From the beginning of the Second Empire to the reign of Esar-haddon the bas-reliefs often remind us of embroidery in stone. The name derived from the city Asshur on the Tigris, the original capital of the country, was originally a colony from Babylonia, and … Assyrian merchants and soldiers had already made their way as far as Cappadocia, from whence copper and silver were brought to Assyria, and an Assyrian colony was established at Kara Eyuk near Kaisariyeh, where the Assyrian mode of reckoning time by means of limmi was in use. The few antiquities he discovered were contained in a single case in the British Museum, but the results of his researches were not published until 1836. Assyria [EBD] the name derived from the city Asshur on the Tigris, the original capital of the country, was originally a colony from Babylonia, and was ruled by viceroys from that kingdom. In 705 BC Sargon was murdered, and succeeded by his son \SENNACHERIB\ (which see). Assyria, Asshur : was a great and powerful country lying on the Tigris, (Genesis 2:14) the capital of which was Nineveh. In 738 BC Tiglath-pileser put an end to the independent existence of the kingdom of Hamath, Menahem of Samaria becoming his tributary, and in 733 BC he commenced a campaign against Rezin of Damascus which ended in the fall of Damascus, the city being placed under an Assyrian governor. Elam remained to be dealt with, and an Assyrian army made its way to Susa, which was leveled to the ground, the shrines of its gods profaned and the bones of its ancient kings torn from their graves. The king, in fact, was the commander of an army, and this army was the Assyrian people. It seems probable that every male was liable to conscription, and under the Second Empire, if not earlier, there was a large standing army, part of which consisted of mercenaries and recruits from the subject races. And the king of Assyria hearkened unto him: for the king of Assyria went up against Damascus, and took it, and carried the people of it captive to Kir, and slew Rezin. the Tartan, or commander-in-chief of the army, who took Samaria (q.v.) The fall of Assyria, long previously prophesied by Isaiah, (Isaiah 10:5-19) was effected by the growing strength and boldness of the Medes, about 625 B.C. Assur-nazir-pal was succeeded by his son Shalmaneser II (859-825 BC), who, instead of contenting himself, like his father, with mere raids for the sake of booty, endeavored to organize and administer the countries which his armies had subdued. In the Bible the name Assyria is employed in three different significations: namely, 1. Under him the Second Empire reached the acme of its power and prosperity. The early Semitic rulers, however, were subject to Babylonia, and under Khammurabi (\AMRAPHEL\) Assyria was still a Babylonian province. On the banks of the rivers there was abundant cultivation, besides pasture-land. Tiglath-pileser founded the second Assyrian empire, and made Assyria the dominant power in western Asia. Genesis 10:11Out of that land went forth Asshur (Nimrod went out to Assyria), and builded Nineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah. According to Esar-haddon the kingdom was founded by Bel-bani son of Adasi, who first made himself independent; Hadad-nirari, however, ascribes its foundation to Zulili. Question: "Who was Sennacherib in the Bible?" Learn more about Assyria from the Easton’s Bible Dictionary. Hence the importance of the capture of the Hittite stronghold, Carchemish, by Sargon in 717 BC, as it commanded the road to Syria and the passage across the Euphrates. Genesis 10:22The children of Shem: Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram. The image of Merodach was carried to Assur as a sign that the scepter had passed from Babylon to the parvenu Assyria. Various campaigns were carried on in the direction of Armenia and Comagene, the brutalities executed upon the enemy being described in detail by their conqueror. His name became the basis for the term Assyria that references both the nation and the people living in the land. See more. Clothes, curtains and rugs, on the other hand, were richly dyed and embroidered, and were manufactured from wool and flax, and (in the age of the Second Empire) from cotton. Assur-bani-pal was a munificent patron of learning, and the library of Nineveh owed most of its treasures to him, but extravagant luxury had now invaded the court, and the king conducted his wars through his' generals, while he himself remained at home. Where do Israel's Lost Tribes live today? It ceases to be a nation. Assyria , also called the Assyrian Empire, was a Mesopotamian kingdom and empire of the ancient Near East who lived in the Levant that existed as a state from perhaps as early as the 25th century BC (in the form of the Assur city-state ) until its collapse between 612 BC and 609 BC – spanning the periods of the Early to Middle Bronze Age through to the late Iron Age. He died B.C. But the similarity of the name caused him to be also identified with the city of Asur, where he was worshipped, at a time when the cities of northern Babylonia came to be deified, probably under Hittite influence. At present a German expedition under Andrae is working at Kala'at Shergat (Assur) where the English excavators had already found the cylinder-inscription of Tiglath-pileser I (see SHERGHAT). Nothing more was done until 1873-75 when George Smith resumed excavations on the site of Assur-bani-pal's library; this was followed in 1877-79 by the excavations of Rassam, who discovered among other things the bronze gates of Balawat. (2) at the head of it was the national god Asur or Assur, whose high priest and representative was the king. 625), and Assyria fell according to the prophecies of ( Isaiah 10:5-19 ), ( Nahum 3:19 ), and ( Zephaniah 3:13 ), and the many separate kingdoms of which it was composed ceased to recognize the "great king" ( 2 Kings 18:19 ; Isaiah 36:4 ). VIII. Assur-bani-pal, the son of Esarhaddon, became king, and in Ezra 4:10 is referred to as Asnapper. Its capital city Nineveh was built by Nimrod, according to the Bible (Genesis 10:11). That Asshur is reasoning, is evident from the signification of Asshur or Assyria in the Word, where it is constantly taken for the things which pertain to reason, in both senses; namely, for what is of reason, and for reasonings.
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