1 samuel 4 summary

God promised the two sons of Eli would die on the same day as proof of His ultimate judgment on the house of Eli (1 Samuel 2:34). Many circumstances that we regard as a calamity, God uses in a marvelous way to glorify Himself. And she said, “The glory has departed from Israel, for the ark of God has been captured.”. ISRAEL OVERCOME BY THE PHILISTINES. They believed the presence of the ark would make God work for them. This was a difficult period for Israel. They knew it was unusual – even unheard of – for the Israelites to bring the ark into battle (, For such a thing has never happened before, ), and they knew the God of Israel defeated the Egyptians (, who struck the Egyptians with all the plagues. (1-9) The ark taken. Also your two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, are dead; and the ark of God has been captured.” Then it happened, when he made mention of the ark of God, that Eli fell off the seat backward by the side of the gate; and his neck was broken and he died, for the man was old and heavy. The ark of God was captured, but the God of the ark was still on the throne in heaven and guiding these circumstances for His glory. They were probably pleased to arrive at such a great solution. A different location from the one mentioned (in 4:1 and 5:1). These were some of the traditional signs of mourning. (1:2) Hannah 3) How often did Elkanah go to worship and sacrifice to the Lord? 1 Samuel 7:12 "Then Samuel took a stone, and set [it] between Mizpeh and Shen, and called the name of it Ebenezer, saying, Hitherto hath the LORD helped us." The earth shook: “Now, beloved, when you are worshipping God, shout if you are filled with holy gladness. Your email address will not be published. And he had judged Israel forty years." Traditionally, Samuel played some role in writing the narrative we find in 1 Samuel. God showed He was greater than the ark. If they believed the God of Israel was greater than their gods, they should have submitted to Him. The Philistines now held it. Yet, they did not submit to God, but simply determined to fight against Him all the more. The Israelites overcome by the Philistines. How could God allow something so terrible to happen? In addition, the Philistines had a competent general who ordered them to calm down and fight like men. The messenger brought bad news, and he let his appearance reflect how bad the news was. “Their idea was that God should be forced to fight for them. 1 Samuel Chapter 4 Summary. Up until this point in biblical history, the Israelites have not had a king. The Philistines Capture the Ark. d. The two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were with the Ark of the Covenant of God: Instead of trusting in the ark, they should be more concerned that the ark was served and carried by priests who had forsaken the LORD. There fell of Israel thirty thousand foot soldiers, : Not only did Israel lose, they lost far worse than they did, taking the ark into battle. He wouldn’t allow His arm to be twisted by the superstitions of the Israelites. c. Be strong and conduct yourselves like men, you Philistines: The presence of the ark did not make the Philistines feel like giving up. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. God showed He was greater than the ark. Knowledge wasn’t their problem. The Israelites probably felt they were better than the Philistines because the Philistines were pagans, worshipping false gods. If He was not willing to do it for their sake, He would have to do it for His honour’s sake.” (Ellison). Be strong and conduct yourselves like men, you Philistines, that you do not become servants of the Hebrews, as they have been to you. 1 And Samuel’s word came to all Israel. A summary of 1 Samuel 2 from @biblesummary. i. . The two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were with the Ark of the Covenant of God. All Rights Reserved. Eli was ninety-eight years old, and his eyes were so dim that he could not see. Now the proof of judgment came. Christians need to show more of this courage. These were some of the traditional signs of mourning. They had the courage of desperate men. Only the high priest entered and saw the ark, and only once a year. So, Israel’s battles were waged against her near neighbors, such as the Moabites, the Ammonites, or as here, the. Eli was ninety-eight years old, and his eyes were so dim that he could not see. The Philistines, strengthened not merely by a constant influx of immigrants, but by the importation of arms from Greece, were fast reducing Israel to the condition of a subject race.” (Smith, The word of the Samuel came to all Israel… now Israel went out to battle. a. Israel was defeated: There were three reasons for this great defeat. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. “Thus as God was no loser by this event, so the Philistines were no gainers by it; and Israel, all things considered, received more good than hurt by it, as we shall see.” (Poole), ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. They believed the presence of the ark would make God work for them. The anguish was too great, and labor pains came upon her. According to other passages, after the Philistines defeated the Israeli army they went on to destroy the city of Shiloh itself (Psalm 78:60-64, Jeremiah 7:12 and 26:9). Stand Up, Stand Up for Jesus; We are living, we are dwelling; Here Am I, Send Me; Hymns for 1 Samuel 5 Hymns for 1 Samuel 6 Hymns for 1 Samuel 7. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. feel obligated to bless the Israelites just because they took the ark into battle. We may request cookies to be set on your device. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. (19-22)1-9 Israel is smitten before the Philistines. Come, Thou Fount of Every Blessing; God Is My Strength! The Ark in Kiriath-jearim (1) Samuel urges: ‘Serve only Jehovah’ (2-6) Israel’s victory at Mizpah (7-14) Samuel judges Israel (15-17) 8. Secondly, God allowed it as a correction to the nation, so they would not trust in the ark of God, instead of trusting in the God of the ark. All of the people in Israel heard about Samuel. And he had judged Israel forty years. Commentary for 1 Samuel 4 . As it turned out, God did not feel obligated to bless the Israelites just because they took the ark into battle. iii. Pregnant, she heard of the death of her husband, her brother-in-law, her father-in-law, a slaughter among the soldiers of Israel, a lost battle, and the capture of the Ark of the Covenant all on one day. Now Israel went out to battle against the Philistines, and encamped beside Ebenezer; and the Philistines encamped in Aphek. Because the news was so bad he came with his clothes torn and dirt on his head. John Trapp Complete Commentary. For such a thing has never happened before. (1 Samuel 4:1), and it was at least 20 miles from Aphek to Shiloh. He wouldn’t allow His arm to be twisted by the superstitions of the Israelites. Instead, God was just beginning to show His glory. All Israel shouted so loudly that the earth shook: Someone passing by Israel’s camp would think something tremendous was happening. Verses: Now the Israelites went out to fight against the Philistines. 3 - 9. ( B) 2 The Philistines deployed their forces to meet Israel, and as the battle spread, Israel was defeated by the Philistines, who killed about four thousand of them on the battlefield. But they were wrong in the way they sought help. The story of Samuel begins with, funnily enough, the birth of Samuel. The first part is a contrasting character study of Saul and David, showing the importance of humility in God’s people. Ver. 2. ii. The glory of God had departed in one sense. So the Philistines were afraid, for they said, “God has come into the camp!” And they said, “Woe to us! a. with his clothes torn and dirt on his head. 1. If they really believed their gods were greater than the God of Israel, they should not have been worried. It may save us: The elders rightly sensed they needed God’s help to win the battle. And I fled today from the battle line.” And he said, “What happened, my son?” So the messenger answered and said, “Israel has fled before the Philistines, and there has been a great slaughter among the people. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. The Philistines came to fight with the Israelites. Looking at it this way, the glory had not departed at all. Eli knew he let the ark go on an unwise, superstitious errand, and his conscience made him fear it would end in disaster. God did. Let us bring the Ark of the Covenant… it may save us from the hand of our enemies, : The elders of Israel, after the battle with the Philistines, decided the next battle could be won if they took the. 1 Samuel Study Guide Chapter 1 1) How many wives did Elkanah have? Now Israel went out to battle against the Philistines, and encamped beside Ebenezer; and the Philistines encamped in Aphek. God commanded them to make it. 1 Samuel 4:18 "And it came to pass, when he made mention of the ark of God, that he fell from off the seat backward by the side of the gate, and his neck brake, and he died: for he was an old man, and heavy. Read chapter 4, then discuss these questions: (1) What are the right attitudes for a person who prays for God’s help? devoutly and fervently for success, they would have been heard and saved. : This doesn’t mean the battle was initiated by Samuel. And when they joined battle, Israel was defeated by the Philistines, who killed about four thousand men of the army in the field. “Had they humbled themselves, and prayed devoutly and fervently for success, they would have been heard and saved. We often make the same mistake, believing that if God is with us, we don’t need to try so hard. b. Samuel 1-3 Bible MCQ Quiz: Trivia! Second, the Israelites felt the battle would be easy with the ark of the Covenant there and did not try as hard. c. Eli fell off the seat backward by the side of the gate; and his neck was broken and he died: Eli fell over and died at the news of the ark (when he made mention of the ark of God). (6-9) The Philistines’ fear of the Ark of the Covenant. Summary . he who came from the battle. 5. When Eli heard the noise of the outcry, he said, “What does the sound of this tumult mean?” And the man came quickly and told Eli. True faith in God may express itself with leaping and with shouting; and it is a happy thing when it does: but it can also sit still before the Lord, and that perhaps is a happier thing still.” (Spurgeon), Now when the Philistines heard the noise of the shout, they said, “What does the sound of this great shout in the camp of the Hebrews mean?” Then they understood that the ark of the LORD had come into the camp. note on 1 Samuel 4:21. the two sons of Eli … were there with the ark] It seems best to follow the Sept. and Vulg. Hannah gives Samuel to Israel’s chief priest, Eli, to be raised as a Nazirite. Israel made an idol of the ark and God often deals with our idolatry by taking the idol away. Yet, even a good thing like the ark can be made an idol, and God won’t tolerate our idols. 1. You can check these in your browser security settings. Nevertheless, the battle ended in disaster: Israel was defeated by the Philistines, who killed about four thousand men. Then the Philistines put themselves in battle array against Israel. To reflect her anguish and the national tragedy upon Israel she named the child, But she did not answer, nor did she regard it. 1 Kings 1… But do not be so foolish as to suppose that because there is loud noise there must also be faith. (1:2) Two 2) Which of Elkanah's wives had no children? (1-2) Israel is defeated before the Philistines. Let us bring the Ark of the Covenant of the LORD from Shiloh to us, that when it comes among us it may save us from the hand of our enemies.” So the people sent to Shiloh, that they might bring from there the Ark of the Covenant of the LORD of hosts, who dwells between the cherubim. : There were three reasons for this great defeat. (12-18) Eli hears of the loss of the Ark of the Covenant of God and dies. God raises up David to be king of Israel (1 Sa 16–20). c. The ark of God was captured: This was worse than just losing a battle. They bring the ark into the camp, which affrights the Philistines, ver. : The priests who were supposed to supervise the ark were killed in the battle. Finally, though it seemed so terrible to man, was it all that terrible to God? But she did not answer, nor did she regard it: Her grief was so great, it overcame her maternal joy at the birth of her son. Lucky for the Philistines, God was against Israel in this cause. Now his daughter-in-law, Phinehas’ wife, was with child, to be delivered; and when she heard the news that the ark of God was captured, and that her father-in-law and her husband were dead, she bowed herself and gave birth, for her labor pains came upon her. (5) Israel’s confidence in the Ark of the Covenant. Woe to us! Summary . We, like them, often know God is greater and deserves our submission. Every chapter of the Bible in 140 characters or less. But do not be so foolish as to suppose that because there is loud noise there must also be faith. To her, the loss was total, and she even lost the desire to live. The people of Israel selfishly chose Saul to rule over them as king (1 Sam. The Book of 1 Samuel Chapter 4. Courage and persistence win many battles, even sometimes for the wrong side. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. Samuel was also a *prophet because God spoke to him (chapter 3; 4:1). i. Godless Philistines can teach us something. But the glory left when Israel stopped repenting and trusting God and started superstitiously trusting in the ark itself. For such a thing has never happened before. b. • In chapters 1-7, Samuel is born to Hannah as a Nazirite, dedicate to God. Yet we often resist God as well, instead of submitting to Him. 8-9); but he proves to be a foolish choice in light David, the king chosen by God (1Sam. 1 Samuel 4 (King James Version) 1 And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. The messenger brought bad news, and he let his appearance reflect how bad the news was. Hymns for 1 Samuel 4. iii. When Eli heard the noise of the outcry, he said, “What, ?” And the man came quickly and told Eli. ii. The Philistines were the first people in Canaan to process iron and they made the most of it. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. 1 Samuel 4. It worked. c. That it may save us from the hand of our enemies: They regarded the ark as the ultimate “good luck charm” and believed they could not lose with it there. 3 f Now the boy Samuel was ministering to the Lord in the presence of Eli. Their shouting proved both their vanity and irreligion.” (Clarke), : “Now, beloved, when you are worshipping God, shout if you are filled with holy gladness. Now the Israelites went out to fight against the Philistines. It wasn’t the news of Israel’s loss in battle, or the slaughter of the army, or even the news of the death of his own sons that killed him. Samuel was a priest because he came from the *tribe of Levi (1 Chronicles 6:33-38). Went out— To meet the Philistines, who having by this time recruited themselves after their loss by Samson, and perceiving an eminent prophet arising among them, by whom they were likely to be united, and assisted… ii. Sin, the accursed thing, was in the camp, and gave their enemies all the advantage they could wish for. (1:5) Hannah More books related to 1 Samuel. (1-2) Israel is defeated before the Philistines. in omitting the word ‘there.’ The narrative requires the statement that Hophni and Phinehas accompanied the Ark, not merely that they were at Shiloh, which we know already. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. More Samuel Quizzes. They had the courage of desperate men. And when the man came into the city and told it, all the city cried out. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. i. “Their idea was that God should be, to fight for them. a. And she said, “The glory has departed from Israel, for the ark of God has been captured.”, : Poor wife of Phinehas! i. The Philistines were camping in the place called Aphek. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. The ark went in front of the marchers around the city of Jericho (Joshua 6:6-8). The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. And when the people had come into the camp, the elders of Israel said, “Why has the LORD defeated us today before the Philistines? With the ark more than seven times as many men of Israel were killed. “And he died”: As was the case with Hophni and Phinehas, Eli died. But for all the appearances, it was really. Commentary for 1 Samuel 4 . We should compliment the Philistines for understanding that the Ark of the Covenant represented the presence of God, and on their knowledge of Israel’s history. Israel’s next judge, Samuel, is born to Hannah, a previously barren woman. 1 Samuel 1-4 New International Version (NIV) The Birth of Samuel 1 There was a certain man from Ramathaim, a Zuphite [ a ] from the hill country of Ephraim, whose name was Elkanah son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephraimite. Samuel meets with Saul (1-27) 10. ii. (10,11) The death of Eli. Sin, the accursed thing, was in the camp, and gave their enemies all the advantage they could wish for. When she heard the news: Poor wife of Phinehas! Pregnant, she heard of the death of her husband, her brother-in-law, her father-in-law, a slaughter among the soldiers of Israel, a lost battle, and the capture of the Ark of the Covenant all on one day. The book covers a period of 115 years from the birth of Samuel through the turbulent times of Saul to the beginning of David, the king who God chose. Woe to us! God forbid that we should judge any man’s worship! They bring the ark into the camp, which affrights the Philistines, ver. Now Israel went out to battle against the Philistines, and encamped beside Ebenezer; and the Philistines encamped in Aphek. 1 Samuel Summary One King to Rule them All? d. The two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, died: The priests who were supposed to supervise the ark were killed in the battle. The loss which prompted them to take the ark resulted in the death of. But for all the appearances, it was really nothing. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. It kind of shook or rattled the Philistines as it reminded them of what God did to the Egyptians. If they really believed their gods were greater than the God of Israel, they should not have been worried. 11-20), receives an eternal covenant promise (2 Sam. Samuel 1-3 Bible MCQ Quiz: Trivia! We think of a thousand inventions; but we neglect the one thing needful… They forget the main matter, which is to enthrone God in the life, and to seek to do His will by faith in Christ Jesus.” (Spurgeon), ii. ii. 1 Samuel 4:1-11. First, He allowed it as a righteous judgment upon Israel as a nation and the family of Eli. So, Israel’s battles were waged against her near neighbors, such as the Moabites, the Ammonites, or as here, the Philistines. This day he also became the leader of the *Israelites. Conduct yourselves like men, and fight!”. God promised that Eli’s two sons would die on the same day as a sign of judgment on the house of Eli (1 Samuel 2:34). i. (1-9) The ark taken. A man of Benjamin ran from the battle line the same day, and came to Shiloh: The battle was fought near Aphek (1 Samuel 4:1), and it was at least 20 miles from Aphek to Shiloh. Then she named the child Ichabod, saying, “The glory has departed from Israel!” because the ark of God had been captured and because of her father-in-law and her husband. ii. 1. Under Eli and his sons (1 Samuel 2:22-25; 1 Samuel 4:17-18) and also under the two sons of Samuel (1 Samuel 8:1-2) the office of the judge crumbles into pieces. Yet the Israelites thought and acted just like pagans, thinking they could manipulate God and force Him into doing what they wanted Him to do. i. Summary 1 Samuel 5: The Philistines, who have the ark in their possession, are afflicted with hemorrhoids. Now the Israelites went out to fight against the Philistines. This was a difficult period for Israel. The decay in the house of Eli is so much graver as the priesthood is concerned also which ought to be the medium between God and the people. They are routed and the Philistines capture the ark. 2. They only cared if it worked. Looking at it this way, the glory had not departed at all. there with the Ark of the Covenant of God. If He was not willing to do it for their sake, He would have to do it for His honour’s sake.” (Ellison). Test your knowledge of the bible passage: 1 Samuel 4-8. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. “Never did time seem more hopeless than when Samuel arose. : This was worse than just losing a battle. (10,11) The death of Eli. Summary After losing to the Philistines, the Israelites bring the ark with them into battle. Saul hunts David out of jealousy (1 Sa 21–31). The loss which prompted them to take the ark resulted in the death of about four thousandmen of Israel (1 Samuel 4:2). Israel’s next judge, Samuel, is born to Hannah, a previously barren woman. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. In this respect most of us have imitated them. i. : The presence of the ark did not make the Philistines feel like giving up. Kept in the most holy place of the tabernacle, the people never saw it. 1, 2. The word of the Samuel came to all Israel… now Israel went out to battle: This doesn’t mean the battle was initiated by Samuel. (12-18) The birth of Ichabod. First, He allowed it as a righteous judgment upon Israel as a nation and the family of Eli. 1, 2. The king they appoint will take their daughters to work his palace as cooks, bakers, and confectionaries, and he will slightly oppress the people. It wasn’t the news of Israel’s loss in battle, or the slaughter of the army, or even the news of the death of his own sons that killed him. (19-22) More tragedy among the family of Eli. i. Worried about His reputation? Now when the Philistines heard the noise of the shout, they said, “What, the sound of this great shout in the camp of the Hebrews, ?” Then they understood that the ark of the LORD had come into the camp. The Israelites camped in the place call Ebenezer. Worried about His reputation? The Israelite army went out to fight back. ii. 3 When the soldiers returned to camp, the elders of Israel asked, “Why. Christians need to show more of this courage. of Israel (1 Samuel 4:2). They knew it was unusual – even unheard of – for the Israelites to bring the ark into battle (For such a thing has never happened before), and they knew the God of Israel defeated the Egyptians (who struck the Egyptians with all the plagues). (10,11) The death of Eli. Faith is a still water, it flows deep. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. Secondly, God allowed it as a correction to the nation, so they would not trust in the ark of God, instead of trusting in the God of the ark. Study 1 Samuel 4 using John Darby’s Synopsis to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. The book of 1 Samuel is an exciting book split into two parts due to its large size. i. A man of Benjamin ran from the battle line the same day, and came to Shiloh. Some manuscript traditions (evident in the Septuagint) make it clear the Philistines started this conflict. Submission to God was. “Instead of attempting to get right with God, these Israelites set about devising superstitious means of securing the victory over their foes. Eli was rightly more concerned about the fate of the ark than the fate of his sons. : The glory of God, displayed by the Ark of the Covenant, had departed from Israel. Israel smitten by the Philistines, ver. Let us bring the Ark of the Covenant… it may save us from the hand of our enemies: The elders of Israel, after the battle with the Philistines, decided the next battle could be won if they took the Ark of the Covenant with their soldiers. God tells us much in prophecy, but not everything. Under Eli and his sons (1 Samuel 2:22-25; 1 Samuel 4:17-18) and also under the two sons of Samuel (1 Samuel 8:1-2) the office of the judge crumbles into pieces. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. Be strong and conduct yourselves like men, you Philistines, that you do not become servants of the Hebrews, as they have been to you. 4. Israel made an idol of the ark and God often deals with our idolatry by taking the idol away. Book Summary: This book begins the 500 year period of the Kings of Israel – approximately between 1050 and 586BC. The Philistine people beg their leaders to return the ark to the Israelites. Finally, God did not bless Israel’s superstitious belief in the power of the ark instead of the power of God. And he had judged Israel forty years. Though to the hazard of his own life, as 1 Samuel 20:32; 1 Samuel 20:37. Certainly, this would be considered a great church service, and many would think Israel really trusted God. In the late 1970’s, a five-line inscription was found on a grain silo in the ruins of Izbet Sarteh. Worried about the Philistines and their gods? Brief Summary: The book of 1 Samuel can be neatly divided into two sections: the life of Samuel (chapters 1-12) and the life of Saul (chapters 13-31). God tells us much in prophecy, but not everything. give up. Instead of humbly repenting and seeking God, they turned to methods that God never approved. First, the Philistines fought with the courage of desperate men. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas. 2 He had two wives; one was called Hannah and the other Peninnah. The word— That is, the word of the Lord revealed to Samuel, and by him to the people. (1-9) The ark taken. Who will deliver us from the hand of these mighty gods? All the noise and excitement meant nothing because it wasn’t grounded in God’s truth. “No sword of a Philistine could have slain him any more powerfully; neither can you say whether his neck or his heart were broken first.” (Trapp).

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